873
CHAPTER TWENTY-TWO
Reproductive System
22.1 Introduction
1
General functions of the male and female reproductive
system include ___________. (p. 831)
a. producing sex cells
b. nurturing sex cells
c. transporting sex cells to sites of fertilization
d. secreting hormones
e. all of the above
2
Construct a table of the steps in meiosis including the
major event(s). (p. 831)
3
DeF
ne
cross over,
and explain how it produces genetic
variation. (p. 832)
22.2 Organs of the Male Reproductive System
4
Distinguish between the primary and accessory male
reproductive organs, then explain how each organ’s
structure a±
ects the organ’s function. (p. 833)
5
Describe the descent of the testes. (p. 833)
6
DeF
ne
cryptoorchidism.
(p. 835)
7
List the major steps in spermatogenesis. (p. 836)
8
Explain the function of the sustentacular cells in the
testis. (p. 836)
9
Describe a sperm cell. (p. 836)
10
Trace the path of the ductus deferens from the
epididymis to the ejaculatory duct. (p. 838)
11
On a diagram, locate the seminal vesicles, prostate gland,
and bulbourethral glands, and describe the composition
of their secretions. (p. 840)
12
Describe the composition of semen. (p. 841)
13
DeF
ne
capacitation.
(p. 841)
14
Explain the mechanism that produces an erection of the
penis. (p. 844)
15
DeF
ne
orgasm.
(p. 844)
16
Distinguish between emission and ejaculation. (p. 844)
17
Explain the mechanism of ejaculation. (p. 844)
22.3 Hormonal Control of Male Reproductive Functions
18
Describe the role of GnRH in the control of male
reproductive functions. (p. 845)
19
Distinguish between androgen and testosterone. (p. 845)
20
DeF
ne
puberty.
(p. 846)
21
Discuss the actions of testosterone. (p. 846)
22
List several male secondary sex characteristics. (p. 846)
23
Explain the regulation of testosterone concentration.
(p. 846)
22.4 Organs of the Female Reproductive System
24
Distinguish between the primary and accessory female
reproductive organs, then explain how each organ’s
structure a±
ects the organ’s function. (p. 846)
25
Describe how the ovaries are held in position. (p. 847)
26
Describe the descent of the ovaries. (p. 847)
CHAPTER ASSESSMENTS
27
DeF
ne
primordial follicle.
(p. 847)
28
List the major steps in oogenesis. (p. 849)
29
Distinguish between a primary and a secondary follicle.
(p. 849)
30
Describe how a follicle matures. (p. 849)
31
DeF
ne
ovulation.
(p. 851)
32
DeF
ne
vestibule.
(p. 856)
33
Describe the process of an erection in the female
reproductive organs. (p. 856)
22.5 Hormonal Control of Female Reproductive Functions
34
Describe the role of GnRH in regulating female
reproductive functions. (p. 857)
35
List several female secondary sex characteristics. (p. 857)
36
Explain how a reproductive cycle is initiated. (p. 857)
37
Summarize the major events in a reproductive cycle.
(p. 857)
38
A female’s F
rst reproductive cycle is ________________,
whereas _________________ is when the female’s
reproductive cycles cease. (p. 857)
22.6 Mammary Glands
39
Describe the structure of a mammary gland. (p. 862)
22.7 Birth Control
40
Match the birth control method with its description.
(pp. 862–866)
(1) withdrawal
A. Kills sperm (not very e±
ective
(2) rhythm method
when used alone)
(3) condom
B. Keeps sperm out of vagina or
(4) spermicide
from entering cervix (may help
(gel, foam)
prevent disease)
(5) estrogen/
C. Prevents implantation
progesterone
D. No intercourse during fertile
(6) IUD
times (ine±
ective)
(7) vasectomy
E. Penis removed from vagina
(8) tubal ligation
before ejaculation
².
Sperm cells never reach penis
(very e±
ective)
G.
Prevents follicle maturation and
ovulation
H.
Oocytes never reach uterus (very
ective)
22.8 Sexually Transmitted Infections
41
Common symptoms of sexually transmitted infections
include _____________. (p. 867)
a. a burning sensation during urination
b. discharge from penis or vagina
c. pain during intercourse
d. sores, blisters, or rash on genitals
e. all of the above
42
If left untreated, a complication of the sexually
transmitted infections gonorrhea and chlamydia is
________________________. (p. 869)
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