28
UNIT ONE
1.1 Introduction
1
Describe how an early interest in the human body
eventually led to the development of modern medical
science. (p. 3)
1.2 Anatomy and Physiology
2
Distinguish between anatomy and physiology. (p. 4)
3
Explain the relationship between the form and function
of body parts and give three examples. (p. 4)
1.3 Levels of Organization
4
Describe the relationship between each of the following
pairs: molecules and cells, tissues and organs, organs and
organ systems. (p. 4)
1.4 Characteristics of Life
5
Which characteristics of life can you identify in yourself?
(p. 6)
6
Identify those characteristics of living organisms that
depend on metabolism. (p. 6)
1.5 Maintenance of Life
7
Compare your own needs for survival with the
requirements of organisms described in the chapter.
(p. 7)
8
Explain the relationship between homeostasis and the
internal environment. (p. 9)
9
Describe a general physiological control system,
including the role of negative feedback. (p. 9)
10
Explain the control of body temperature. (p. 9)
11
Describe the homeostatic mechanisms that help regulate
blood pressure and blood glucose—what do they have in
common and how are they diF
erent? (p. 10)
1.6 Organization of the Human Body
12
Explain the diF
erence between the axial and
appendicular portions of the body. (p. 12)
13
Identify the cavities within the axial portion of the body.
(p. 12)
14
De±
ne
viscera.
(p. 12)
15
Describe the mediastinum and its contents. (p. 12)
16
List the cavities of the head and the contents of each
cavity. (p. 12)
17
Name the body cavity that houses each of the following
organs: (p. 12)
a. Stomach
b. Heart
c. Brain
d. Liver
e. Trachea
f. Rectum
g. Spinal cord
h. Esophagus
i. Spleen
j. Urinary bladder
18
Distinguish between a parietal and a visceral membrane.
(p. 12)
19
Describe the general contribution of each of the organ
systems to maintaining homeostasis. (p. 14)
CHAPTER ASSESSMENTS
20
List the major organs that compose each organ system
and identify their functions. (p. 14)
1.7 Life-Span Changes
21
Describe physical changes associated with aging that
occur during each decade past the age of 30. (p. 20)
22
List age-associated changes that occur at the molecular,
cellular, tissue and/or organ levels. (p. 20)
1.8 Anatomical Terminology
23
Write complete sentences using each of the following
terms to correctly describe the relative locations of
speci±
c body parts: (p. 21)
a. Superior
b. Inferior
c. Anterior
d. Posterior
e. Medial
f. Lateral
g. Bilateral
h. Ipsilateral
i. Contralateral
j. Proximal
k. Distal
l. Super±
cial
m. Peripheral
n. Deep
24
Sketch the outline of a human body, and use lines to
indicate each of the following sections: (p. 22)
a. Sagittal
b. Transverse
c. ²rontal
25
Sketch the abdominal area, and indicate the locations of
the following regions: (p. 22)
a. Epigastric
b. Hypochondriac
c. Umbilical
d. Lumbar
e. Hypogastric
f. Iliac
26
Sketch the abdominal area, and indicate the location of
the following regions:
(p. 22)
a. Right upper quadrant
b. Right lower quadrant
c. Left upper quadrant
d. Left lower quadrant
27
Provide the common name for the region to which each
of the following terms refers: (p. 23)
a. Acromial
b. Antebrachial
c. Axillary
d. Buccal
e. Celiac
f. Coxal
g. Crural
h. ²emoral
i. Genital
j. Gluteal
k. Inguinal
l. Mental
m. Occipital
n. Orbital
o. Otic
p. Palmar
q. Pectoral
r. Pedal
s. Perineal
t. Plantar
u. Popliteal
v. Sacral
w. Sternal
x. Tarsal
y. Umbilical
z. Vertebral
ach o
an s s
em
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