551
CHAPTER FOURTEEN
Blood
39
What blood type(s) could safely receive blood from this
individual (#38)?
(p. 546)
40
What blood type(s) could this individual (#38) safely
receive?
(p. 546)
41
Explain why a person with blood type AB is sometimes
called a universal recipient.
(p. 546)
42
Explain why a person with blood type O is sometimes
called a universal donor.
(p. 546)
43
Distinguish between Rh-positive and Rh-negative blood.
(p. 547)
44
Describe how a person may become sensitized to Rh-
positive blood.
(p. 547)
45
Describe
erythroblastosis fetalis,
and explain how this
condition may develop.
(p. 547)
29
Describe the major steps leading to the formation of a
blood clot. (p. 539)
30
Indicate the trigger and outline the steps for extrinsic
clotting and for intrinsic clotting. (p. 539)
31
Describe a positive feedback system that operates during
blood clotting. (p. 539)
32
DeF
ne
serum.
(p. 541)
33
Distinguish between a thrombus and an embolus.
(p. 541)
34
Explain how a blood clot may be removed naturally from
a blood vessel.
(p. 541)
35
Describe how blood coagulation may be prevented.
(p. 542)
14.5 Blood Groups and Transfusions
36
Distinguish between an antigen and an antibody.
(p. 544)
37
Explain the basis of ABO blood types.
(p. 544)
38
Indicate the blood type (both ABO and Rh) of this individual:
(p. 544)
OUTCOMES 3.4, 14.2
1. If a patient with inoperable cancer is treated using a drug that
reduces the rate of cell division, how might the patient’s white
blood cell count change? How might the patient’s environment
be modiF
ed to compensate for the effects of these changes?
OUTCOMES 9.3, 14.2
2. Erythropoietin is available as a drug. Why would athletes
abuse it?
OUTCOMES 14.2, 14.4
3. In the United States, between 1977 and 1985, more than 10,000
men contracted the human immunodeF ciency virus (HIV) from
contaminated factor VIII that they received to treat hemophilia.
What are two abnormalities in the blood of these men?
INTEGRATIVE ASSESSMENTS/CRITICAL THINKING
OUTCOME 14.2
4. How would you explain to a patient with leukemia, who has
a greatly elevated white blood cell count, the importance of
avoiding bacterial infections?
OUTCOME 14.2
5. Hypochromic (iron-deF
ciency) anemia is common among
aging persons admitted to hospitals for other conditions. What
environmental and sociological factors might promote this
form of anemia?
OUTCOME 14.4
6. Why do patients with liver diseases commonly develop blood
clotting disorders?
Anatomy & Physiology Revealed® (APR)
includes cadaver photos that allow you
to peel away layers of the human body to
reveal structures beneath the surface. This program also includes
animations, radiologic imaging, audio pronunciations, and practice
quizzing. Check out
www.aprevealed.com
. APR has been proven
to help improve student grades!
WEB CONNECTIONS
Be sure to visit the text website at
www.mhhe.com/shier12
for
answers to chapter assessments, additional quizzes, and interactive
learning exercises.
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY REVEALED
Anti-A
antiserum
Anti-B
antiserum
Anti-D
antiserum
Control
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