25
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
podiatry
(po-di
ah-tre) Study of the care and treatment
of the feet.
psychiatry
(si-ki
ah-tre) Branch of medicine dealing
with the mind and its disorders.
radiology
(ra
de-ol
o-je) Study of X rays and
radioactive substances, as well as their uses in
diagnosing and treating diseases.
toxicology
(tok
sı˘-kol
o-je) Study of poisonous
substances and their effects on physiology.
urology
(u-rol
o-je) Branch of medicine dealing with
the urinary and male reproductive systems and their
diseases.
orthopedics
(or
tho-pe
diks) Branch of medicine
dealing with the muscular and skeletal systems and
their problems.
otolaryngology
(o
to-lar
in-gol
o-je) Study of the ear,
throat, larynx, and their diseases.
pathology
(pah-thol
o-je) Study of structural and
functional changes within the body associated with
disease.
pediatrics
(pe
de-at
riks) Branch of medicine dealing
with children and their diseases.
pharmacology
(fahr
mah-kol
o-je) Study of drugs and
their uses in the treatment of diseases.
Otic (ear)
Cervical (neck)
Acromial
(point of shoulder)
Mammary (breast)
Brachial
(arm)
Antecubital
(front of elbow)
Antebrachial
(forearm)
Genital
(reproductive organs)
Cephalic (head)
Orbital (eye cavity)
Mental (chin)
Sternal
Pectoral
(chest)
Inguinal
(groin)
Coxal
(hip)
Umbilical
(navel)
Pedal (foot)
Occipital
(back of head)
Acromial
(point of shoulder)
Brachial (arm)
Dorsum (back)
Cubital (elbow)
Gluteal (buttocks)
Perineal
Femoral (thigh)
Popliteal (back of knee)
Plantar (sole)
(a)
(b)
Patellar
(front of knee)
Vertebral
(spinal column)
Sacral (between hips)
Lumbar
(lower back)
Abdominal
(abdomen)
Carpal (wrist)
Palmar (palm)
Digital (finger)
Nasal (nose)
Oral (mouth)
Frontal (forehead)
Buccal (cheek)
Tarsal (instep)
Digital (toe)
Axillary (armpit)
Crural (leg)
Sural (calf)
FIGURE 1.25
Some terms used to describe body regions. (
a
) Anterior regions. (
b
) Posterior regions.
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