to glue together:
ation—clumping of red
irubin—pigment excreted in the bile.
to separate: hemato
—percentage by volume of red
blood cells in a blood sample, determined by separating the
red blood cells from the plasma.
ism—obstruction of a blood vessel.
ocyte—red blood cell.
tocrit—percentage of red blood cells in a
given volume of blood.
oglobin—red pigment responsible for the
color of blood.
rin—anticoagulant secreted by liver cells.
cyte—white blood cell.
to break up: F
in—protein-splitting enzyme that can
phage—large phagocytic cell.
abnormal condition: leukocyt
white blood cells.
make, produce: erythro
tin—hormone that stimulates
the production of red blood cells.
cythemia— overproduction of red blood cells.
halt, make stand: hemo
—arrest of bleeding from
damaged blood vessels.
ocyte—blood platelet involved in the
formation of a blood clot.
Blood is a complex mixture
of cells, cell fragments, and
many types of dissolved
biochemicals that provides
nutrients, oxygen, and
other vital substances to
our cells (1,800
After you have studied this chapter, you should be able to:
Describe the general characteristics of blood, and discuss its major
functions. (p. 523)
Distinguish among the formed elements of blood and the liquid por-
tion of blood. (p. 523)
14.2 Blood Cells
Describe the origin of blood cells. (p. 524)
Explain the signiF
cance of red blood cell counts and how they are
used to diagnose disease. (p. 527)
Discuss the life cycle of a red blood cell. (p. 527)
Summarize the control of red blood cell production. (p. 527)
Distinguish among the F
ve types of white blood cells, and give the
function(s) of each type. (p. 530)
Describe a blood platelet, and explain its functions. (p. 534)
14.3 Blood Plasma
Describe the functions of each of the major components of plasma.
and explain the mechanisms that help to achieve it.
Review the major steps in coagulation. (p. 538)
Explain how to prevent coagulation. (p. 542)
14.5 Blood Groups and Transfusions
Explain blood typing and how it is used to avoid adverse reactions fol-
lowing blood transfusions. (p. 544)
Describe how blood reactions may occur between fetal and maternal
tissues. (p. 547)