23
CHAPTER ONE
Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology
axillary
(ak
sı˘-ler
e) armpit
brachial
(bra
ke-al) arm
buccal
(buk
al) cheek
carpal
(kar
pal) wrist
celiac
(se
le-ak) abdomen
cephalic
(se
˘-fal
ik) head
cervical
(ser
vı˘-kal) neck
costal
(kos
tal) ribs
coxal
(kok
sal) hip
crural
(kroo
r
al) leg
cubital
(ku
bı˘-tal) elbow
digital
(dij
ı˘-tal) F
nger or toe
dorsum
(dor
sum) back
femoral
(fem
or-al) thigh
frontal
(frun
tal) forehead
genital
(jen
i-tal) reproductive organs
gluteal
(gloo
te-al) buttocks
inguinal
(ing
gwı˘-nal) depressed area of the abdominal
wall near the thigh (groin)
lumbar
(lum
bar) region of the lower back between the
ribs and the pelvis (loin)
mammary
(mam
er-e) breast
mental
(men
tal) chin
nasal
(na
zal) nose
occipital
(ok-sip
ı˘-tal) lower posterior region of the head
oral
(o
ral) mouth
orbital
(or
bi-tal) eye cavity
otic
(o
tik) ear
palmar
(pahl
mar) palm of the hand
patellar
(pah-tel
ar) front of the knee
The following adjectives are commonly used when refer-
ring to various body regions.
Figure 1.25
illustrates some of
these regions.
abdominal
(ab-dom
ı˘-nal) region between the thorax
and pelvis
acromial
(ah-kro
me-al) point of the shoulder
antebrachial
(an
te-bra
ke-al) forearm
antecubital
(an
te-ku
bı˘-tal) space in front of the elbow
(a)
(b)
(c)
FIGURE 1.23
Cylindrical parts may be cut in (
a
) cross section, (
b
)
oblique section, or (
c
) longitudinal section.
(a)
(b)
(c)
FIGURE 1.22
A human brain sectioned along (
a
) a sagittal plane, (
b
) a transverse plane, and (
c
) a frontal plane.
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