435
CHAPTER ELEVEN
Nervous System II
34
Explain how the spinal nerves are grouped and
numbered. (p. 417)
35
Def
ne
cauda equina.
(p. 419)
36
Describe the parts and their Functions oF a spinal nerve.
(p. 419)
37
Def
ne
plexus
, and locate the major plexuses oF the spinal
nerves. (p. 420)
11.7 Autonomic Nervous System
38
The autonomic portion oF the PNS Functions __________.
(p. 424)
a. consciously
b. voluntarily
c. without conscious e±
ort
d. dependently
39
Contrast the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions oF
the autonomic nervous system. (p. 424)
40
Distinguish between a preganglionic f
ber and a
postganglionic f
ber. (p. 424)
41
Def
ne
paravertebral ganglion.
(p. 425)
42
Trace a sympathetic nerve pathway through a ganglion
to an e±
ector. (p. 425)
43
Trace a parasympathetic nerve pathway. (p. 426)
44
Distinguish between cholinergic and adrenergic nerve
f
bers. (p. 428)
45
Def
ne
sympathetic tone.
(p. 429)
46
Explain how autonomic neurotransmitters in²
uence the
actions oF e±
ector cells. (p. 429)
47
Distinguish between alpha adrenergic and beta
adrenergic receptors. (p. 430)
11.8 Life-Span Changes
48
Explain the e±
ects oF apoptosis on the developing brain.
(p. 431)
49
List three ways that the nervous system changes as we
age. (p. 431)
50
Describe sleep problems that may accompany aging.
(p. 431)
20
Explain
hemisphere dominance.
(p. 403)
21
Distinguish between short-term and long-term memory.
(p. 404)
22
Explain the conversion oF short-term to long-term
memory. (p. 404)
23
The ___________ transmits sensory inFormation From other
parts oF the nervous sytem to the cerebral cortex. (p. 407)
a. pineal gland
c. thalamus
b. hypothalamus
d. basal nuclei
24
List the parts oF the limbic system, and explain its
Functions. (p. 407)
25
Name the Functions oF the midbrain, pons, and medulla
oblongata. (p. 407)
26
Describe the location and Function oF the reticular
Formation. (p. 409)
27
Distinguish between normal and paradoxical sleep.
(p. 409)
28
The cerebellum ____________. (p. 410)
a. communicates with the rest oF the CNS
b. creates awareness oF the body’s location in space
c. maintains posture
d. all oF the above
11.6 Peripheral Nervous System
29
Distinguish between the somatic and autonomic nervous
systems. (p. 411)
30
Describe the connective tissue and nervous tissue making
up a peripheral nerve. (p. 412)
31
Which oF the Following carry sensory impulses to the CNS
From receptors in muscle or skin? (p. 412)
a. general somatic e±
erent f
bers
b. general somatic a±
erent f
bers
c. general visceral a±
erent f
bers
d. general visceral e±
erent f
bers
32
Draw the underside oF a brain and label the cranial
nerves. (p. 414)
33
Match the cranial nerve with its Function. ³unctions may
be used more than once. (p. 414)
(1) olFactory nerve
(2) optic nerve
(3) oculomotor nerve
(4) trochlear nerve
(5) trigeminal nerve
(6) abducens nerve
(7) Facial nerve
(8) vestibulocochlear
nerve
(9) glossopharyngeal
nerve
(10) vagus nerve
(11) accessory nerve
(12) hypoglossal nerve
A. transmits impulses to
muscles used in swallowing
B. transmits impulses to mus-
cles that move the tongue
C. transmits impulses to
muscles that move the eyes
D. transmits impulses to viscera
E. transmits impulses to
muscles oF Facial expression
³. transmits impulses to
muscles oF neck
G. transmits impulses associ-
ated with hearing
H. transmits impulses to
muscles that raise eyelids
I. transmits impulses associated
with sense oF smell
J. transmits impulses From up-
per and lower teeth
K. transmits impulses associ-
ated with vision
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