283
CHAPTER EIGHT
Joints of the Skeletal System
20
Explain why the shoulder joint permits a wide range of
movements. (p. 271)
21
Name the parts that comprise the elbow joint. (p. 272)
22
Name the major ligaments associated with the elbow
joint. (p. 272)
23
Describe the movements permitted by the elbow joint.
(p. 273)
24
Name the parts that comprise the hip joint. (p. 274)
25
Describe how the articular surfaces of the hip joint are
held together. (p. 274)
26
Explain why there is less freedom of movement in the hip
joint than in the shoulder joint. (p. 274)
27
Name the parts that comprise the knee joint. (p. 274)
28
Describe the major ligaments associated with the knee
joint. (p. 274)
29
Explain the function of the menisci of the knee. (p. 276)
30
Describe the locations of the bursae associated with the
knee joint. (p. 276)
8.7 Life-Span Changes
31
Describe the process of aging as it contributes to the
stiF
ening of ±
brous, cartilaginous, and synovial joints.
(p. 279)
17
Match the movements listed on the left with the
descriptions listed on the right. (pp. 267–270)
(1) Rotation
(2) Supination
(3) Extension
(4) Eversion
(5) Protraction
(6) ²lexion
(7) Pronation
(8) Abduction
(9) Depression
(10) Adduction
A. turning palm upward
B. decreasing the angle between
parts
C. moving part forward
D. moving part around an axis
E. moving part toward midline
². turning the foot so the plantar
surface faces laterally
G. increasing angle between parts
H. lowering a part
I.
turning palm downward
J. moving part away from midline
8.6 Examples of Synovial Joints
18
Name the parts that comprise the shoulder joint. (p. 271)
19
Name the major ligaments associated with the shoulder
joint. (p. 271)
OUTCOMES 5.3, 8.3, 8.6, 8.7
1. How would you explain to an athlete why damaged joint
ligaments and cartilages are so slow to heal following an
injury?
OUTCOMES 8.3, 8.4, 8.6
2. Based upon your knowledge of joint structures, which do you
think could be more satisfactorily replaced by a prosthetic
device, a hip joint or a knee joint?
Why?
OUTCOMES 8.3, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7
3. How would you explain to a person with a dislocated shoulder
that the shoulder is likely to become more easily dislocated in
the future?
INTEGRATIVE ASSESSMENTS/CRITICAL THINKING
OUTCOMES 8.3, 8.5, 8.6, 8.7
4. Why is it important to encourage an inactive patient to keep all
joints mobile, even if it is necessary to have another person or
a device move the joints (passive movement)?
OUTCOMES 8.4, 8.6
5. Compared to the shoulder and hip joints, in what way is the
knee joint poorly protected and thus especially vulnerable to
injuries?
Anatomy & Physiology Revealed® (APR)
includes cadaver photos that allow you
to peel away layers of the human body to
reveal structures beneath the surface. This program also includes
animations, radiologic imaging, audio pronunciations, and practice
quizzing. Check out
www.aprevealed.com
. APR has been proven
to help improve student grades!
WEB CONNECTIONS
Be sure to visit the text website at
www.mhhe.com/shier12
for
answers to chapter assessments, additional quizzes, and interactive
learning exercises.
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY REVEALED
previous page 313 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 315 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off