HOLE’S HUMAN ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY, TWELFTH EDITION
Published by McGraw-Hill, a business unit of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., 1221 Avenue of the
Americas, New York, NY 10020. Copyright © 2010 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights
reserved.
Previous editions © 2007, 2004, and 2002. No part of this publication may be reproduced or
distributed in any form or by any means, or stored in a database or retrieval system, without the prior
written consent of The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., including, but not limited to, in any network or
other electronic storage or transmission, or broadcast for distance learning.
Some ancillaries, including electronic and print components, may not be available to customers out-
side the United States.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 QPD/QPD 0 9
ISBN 978–0–07–352570–9
MHID 0–07–352570–7
Publisher:
Michelle Watnick
Senior Sponsoring Editor:
James F. Connely
Director of Development:
Kristine Tibbetts
Developmental Editor:
Fran Schreiber
Marketing Manager:
Lynn M. Breithaupt
Senior Project Manager:
Jayne L. Klein
Lead Production Supervisor:
Sandy Ludovissy
Lead Media Project Manager:
Stacy A. Patch
Designer:
Tara McDermott
Cover/Interior Designer:
Elise Lansdon
(USE) Cover Image: ©
The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc., Gerald Wofford, photographer (left photo);
©
Design Pics/PunchStock (middle photo); Scott Halleran/Getty Images (right photo)
Senior Photo Research Coordinator:
John C. Leland
Photo Research:
Danny Meldung/Photo Affairs, Inc.
Supplement Producer:
Mary Jane Lampe
Compositor:
Precision Graphics
Typeface:
10/12
ITC Slimbach Std
Printer:
Quebecor World Dubuque, IA
The credits section for this book begins on page 977 and is considered an extension of the copyright
page.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Shier, David.
Hole’s human anatomy & physiology / David Shier, Jackie Butler, Ricki Lewis.—12th ed.
p. cm.
Includes index.
ISBN
978–0–07–352570–9 — ISBN
0–07–352570–7 (hard copy : alk. paper)
1.
Human physiology.
2.
Human anatomy.
I. Butler, Jackie. II. Lewis, Ricki. III. Title. IV. Title: Hole’s human anatomy and
physiology. V. Title: Human anatomy & physiology.
QP34.5.S49 2010
612--dc22
2008033022
www.mhhe.com
previous page 2 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 4 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off