Arthritis has inﬂ
the joints in these
f ngers. Drugs and
replacement joints are
used to treat this painFul
Joints oF the
After you have studied this chapter, you should be able to:
List the functions of joints. (p. 261)
cation oF Joints
how joints can be classiF
ed according to the type of tissue
that binds the bones together. (p. 261)
Describe how bones of F
brous joints are held together. (p. 261)
Describe how bones of cartilaginous joints are held together. (p. 262)
8.3 General Structure oF a Synovial Joint
Describe the general structure of a synovial joint. (p. 263)
8.4 Types oF Synovial Joints
Distinguish among the six types of synovial joints and name an ex-
ample of each type. (p. 265)
8.5 Types oF Joint Movements
Explain how skeletal muscles produce movements at joints, and iden-
tify several types of joint movements. (p. 267)
8.6 Examples oF Synovial Joints
Describe the shoulder joint and explain how its articulating parts are
held together. (p. 271)
Describe the elbow, hip, and knee joints and explain how their articu-
lating parts are held together. (p. 272)
8.7 LiFe-Span Changes
Describe life-span changes in joints. (p. 278)
ar ligament—ring-shaped band of connective
tissue below the elbow joint that encircles the head of the
rology—study of joints and ligaments.
bag, purse: prepatellar
lled sac between the
skin and the patella.
e—rounded bony process at the
distal end of the femur.
ea capitis—pit in the head of the femur to which a
ligament is attached.
oid cavity—depression in the scapula that
articulates with the head of the humerus.
um—rim of F
brocartilage attached to the
margin of the glenoid cavity.
uid in a joint cavity that
resembles egg white.
e—type of joint in which ±
at bones are
interlocked by a set of tiny bony processes.
osis—type of joint in which
the bones are held together by long F
bers of connective