xx
10.4: Opiates in the Human Body
375
10.5:
Drug Addiction
377
11.1: Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure
388
11.2:
Uses of Refl
exes
394
11.3: Spinal Cord Injuries
397
11.4:
Traumatic Brain Injury
405
11.5:
Parkinson Disease
406
11.6:
Brain Waves
411
11.7: Spinal Nerve Injuries
424
12.1:
Treating Pain
445
12.2: Mixed-Up Senses—Synesthesia 447
12.3: Smell and Taste Disorders
451
12.4:
Getting a Cochlear Implant
455
12.5: Hearing Loss 459
12.6:
Refraction Disorders
472
13.1: Using Hormones to Improve Athletic
Performance 489
13.2: Growth Hormone Ups and Downs
497
13.3: Disorders of the Adrenal Cortex
509
13.4: Diabetes Mellitus 512
13.1: Treating Diabetes 513
14.1: King George III and Porphyria
Variegata 530
14.2: Leukemia 536
14.3:
Deep Vein Thrombosis
543
14.1: Blood Typing and Matching: From
Serology to DNA Chips
546
15.1: Arrhythmias 572
15.2: Blood Vessel Disorders
581
15.3: Measurement of Arterial Blood
Pressure 582
15.4: Space Medicine 585
15.5: Hypertension 588
15.6:
Exercise and the Cardiovascular
System 590
15.7:
Molecular Causes of Cardiovascular
Disease 608
15.8: Coronary Artery Disease
609
15.1: Replacing the Heart—From Transplants
to Stem Cell Implants
566
15.2:
Altering Angiogenesis
574
16.1: Immunity Breakdown: AIDS
642
16.1: Immunotherapy 636
17.1: Dental Caries 661
CLINICAL CONNECTIONS
Clinical Applications and
From Science to Technology
1.1: Ultrasonography And Magnetic
Resonance Imaging: A Tale Of Two
Patients 6
2.1: Radioactive Isotopes Reveal
Physiology 54
2.2: Ionizing Radiation: From the Cold War
to Yucca Mountain
56
2.3: CT Scanning and PET Imaging
70
3.1: Faulty Ion Channels Cause
Disease 82
3.2: Disease at the Organelle Level
87
3.1: Tailoring Stem Cells to Treat
Disease 108
4.1: DNA Pro±
ling Frees A Prisoner
130
4.2: Nucleic Acid Ampli±
cation
132
4.3: MicroRNAs and RNA
Interference 136
4.4:
The Human Metabolome
139
5.1:
The Body’s Glue: The Extracellular
Matrix 154
5.2: Abnormalities of Collagen
157
5.1: Nanotechnology Meets the Blood-Brain
Barrier 145
5.2: Tissue Engineering: Replacement
Bladders and Hearts
166
6.1:
Tanning and Skin Cancer
175
6.2:
Hair Loss
179
6.3: Acne 181
6.4: Elevated Body Temperature
184
7.1:
Fractures 202
7.2:
Osteopenia and Osteoporosis:
Preventing “Fragility Fractures”
204
7.3: Disorders of the Vertebral
Column 225
8.1:
Replacing Joints
276
8.2:
Joint Disorders
278
9.1:
Myasthenia Gravis
291
9.2:
Use and Disuse of Skeletal
Muscles 300
9.3: TMJ Syndrome 308
10.1: Migraine 356
10.2: Multiple Sclerosis 360
10.3:
Factors Affecting Impulse
Conduction 372
17.2: Oh, My Aching Stomach!
670
17.3: Hepatitis 677
17.4: Gallbladder Disease 679
17.5:
Disorders of the Large Intestine
691
17.1: Replacing the Liver
676
18.1: Obesity 710
18.2: Dietary Supplements—Proceed with
Caution 725
18.3: Nutrition and the Athlete
726
19.1: The Effects of Cigarette Smoking on the
Respiratory System
739
19.2: Lung Irritants 749
19.3:
Respiratory Disorders That Decrease
Ventilation: Bronchial Asthma and
Emphysema 756
19.4: Exercise and Breathing
760
19.5: Effects of High Altitude
763
19.6:
Disorders That Impair Gas Exchange:
Pneumonia, Tuberculosis, and Adult
Respiratory Distress Syndrome
765
20.1: Chronic Kidney Failure
779
20.2:
Glomerulonephritis 782
20.3:
The Nephrotic Syndrome
793
20.4: Urinalysis: Clues to Health
803
21.1:
Water Balance Disorders
816
21.2:
Sodium and Potassium
Imbalances 820
22.1: Prostate Enlargement 841
22.2: Male Infertility 842
22.3: Female Infertility 861
22.4:
Treating Breast Cancer
863
23.1: Some Causes of Birth Defects
896
23.2:
Joined For Life
900
23.3:
Human Milk—The Perfect Food for
Human Babies
904
23.4: Living to 100—And Beyond
910
23.1: Assisted Reproductive
Technologies 878
23.2:
Preimplantation Genetic
Diagnosis 883
24.1:
Genetic Counselors Communicate
Modes of Inheritance
923
24.2: Down Syndrome 931
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