169
CHAPTER FIVE
Tissues
5.5 Muscle Tissues
26
Describe the general characteristics of muscle tissues.
(p. 163)
27
Compare and contrast skeletal, smooth, and cardiac
muscle tissues in terms of location, cell appearance, and
control. (p. 163)
5.6 Nervous Tissues
28
Describe the general characteristics of nervous tissue.
(p. 164)
29
Distinguish between the functions of neurons and
neuroglia. (p. 164)
23
The F
uid extracellular matrix of blood is called ________.
(p. 161)
a. white blood cells
b. red blood cells
c. platelets
d. plasma
e. bone marrow
5.4 Types of Membranes
24
Describe the structure of epithelial membranes in
contrast to synovial membranes. (p. 162)
25
Identify locations in the body of four types of
membranes. (p. 163)
OUTCOMES 3.2, 3.6, 5.1, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.6
1. Tissue engineering combines living cells with synthetic
materials to create functional substitutes for human tissues.
What components would you use to engineer replacement
(a) skin, (b) bone, (c) muscle, and (d) blood?
OUTCOMES 3.2, 5.2
2. In the lungs of smokers, a process called metaplasia
occurs where normal lining cells of the lung are replaced
by squamous metaplastic cells (many layers of squamous
epithelial cells). Functionally, why is this an undesirable body
reaction to tobacco smoke?
OUTCOMES 3.4, 3.5, 5.2, 5.3, 5.5, 5.6
3. Cancer-causing agents (carcinogens) usually act on dividing
cells. Which of the four tissues would carcinogens most
infl
uence? Least infl
uence?
INTEGRATIVE ASSESSMENTS/CRITICAL THINKING
OUTCOMES 5.2, 5.4
4. Sometimes, in response to irritants, mucous cells secrete
excess mucus. What symptoms might this produce if
it occurred in the (a) digestive tract or (b) respiratory
passageway?
OUTCOME 5.3
5. Disorders of collagen are characterized by deterioration of
connective tissues. Why would you expect such diseases to
produce widely varying symptoms?
OUTCOME 5.3
6. Collagen and elastin are added to many beauty products. What
type of tissues are they normally part of?
OUTCOME 5.3
7. Joints such as the shoulder, elbow, and knee contain
considerable amounts of cartilage and dense regular
connective tissue. How does this explain that joint injuries are
often slow to heal?
Anatomy & Physiology Revealed® (APR)
includes cadaver photos that allow you
to peel away layers of the human body to
reveal structures beneath the surface. This program also includes
animations, radiologic imaging, audio pronunciations, and practice
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WEB CONNECTIONS
Be sure to visit the text website at
www.mhhe.com/shier12
for
answers to chapter assessments, additional quizzes, and interactive
learning exercises.
ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY REVEALED
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