NERVOUS TISSUES (PAGE 164)
1. Nervous tissue is in the brain, spinal cord, and
a. Neurons sense changes and respond by
transmitting nerve impulses to other neurons or to
muscles or glands.
b. They coordinate, regulate, and integrate body
a. Some of these cells bind and support nervous
b. Others carry on phagocytosis.
c. Still others connect neurons to blood vessels.
d. Some are involved in cell-to-cell communication.
c. Muscle cells contract when stimulated by nerve
impulses, then immediately relax when they are no
3. Smooth muscle tissue
a. This tissue of spindle-shaped cells, each with one
nucleus, is in the walls of hollow internal organs.
b. Usually it is involuntarily controlled.
4. Cardiac muscle tissue
a. This tissue is found only in the heart.
b. Striated cells, each with a single nucleus, are
joined by intercalated discs and form branched
c. Cardiac muscle tissue is involuntarily controlled.
. (p. 144)
Describe three types oF intercellular junctions. (p. 144)
Which oF the Following is a major tissue type in the body?
e. all oF the above.
5.2 Epithelial Tissues
A general characteristic oF epithelial tissues is that
______________. (p. 145)
a. numerous blood vessels are present
b. cells are spaced apart
c. cells divide rapidly
d. there is much extracellular matrix between cells
Distinguish between simple epithelium and stratif
epithelium. (p. 145)
Explain how the structure oF simple squamous epithelium
provides its Function. (p. 145)
Match the epithelial tissue on the leFt to an organ in
which the tissue is Found. (p. 146–152)
(1) simple squamous
(2) simple cuboidal epithelium
(3) simple columnar epithelium
(8) transitional epithelium
(9) glandular epithelium
A. lining oF intestines
B. lining oF ducts oF
C. lining oF urinary
D. salivary glands
E. air sacs oF lungs
². respiratory passages
G. ductus deFerens
H. lining oF kidney
outer layer oF skin
Distinguish between an exocrine gland and an endocrine
gland. (p. 150)
Describe how glands are classif
ed according to the
structure oF their ducts and the organization oF their cells.
A gland that secretes substances by exocytosis is a(n)
_______________ gland. (p. 150)
5.3 Connective Tissues
Discuss the general characteristics oF connective tissue.
. (p. 153)
Describe three major types oF connective tissue cells.
______________ are thick f
bers that have great tensile
strength and are ³
exible, but only slightly elastic f
Explain the di´
erence between loose connective tissue
and dense connective tissue. (p. 156)
Explain how the amount oF adipose tissue in the body
ects diet. (p. 156)
Contrast dense regular and dense irregular connective
tissues. (p. 158)
Explain why injured dense regular connective tissue and
cartilage are usually slow to heal. (p. 158)
Distinguish between reticular and elastic connective
tissues. (p. 158)
Name the major types oF cartilage, and describe their
erences and similarities. (p. 158)
Describe how bone cells are organized in bone tissue.
Explain how bone cells receive nutrients. (p. 160)