143
LEARN
PRACTICE
ASSESS
Traditional microscopy
provides structural looks
at tissues (150
×
).
Tissues
CHAPTER
5
LEARNING OUTCOMES
After you have studied this chapter, you should be able to:
5.1 Introduction
1
Describe how cells are organized into tissues, and identify the inter-
cellular junctions in tissues. (p. 144)
2
List the four major tissue types in the body. (p. 144)
5.2 Epithelial Tissues
3
Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue.
(p. 144)
4
Name the types of epithelium and identify an organ in which each is
found. (p. 146)
5
Explain how glands are classiF
ed. (p. 150)
5.3 Connective Tissues
6
Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue. (p. 153)
7
Compare and contrast the cellular components, structures, F
bers, and
extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective
tissue. (p. 156)
8
Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue. (p. 156)
5.4 Types of Membranes
9
Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes. (p. 162)
5.5 Muscle Tissues
10
Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue. (p. 163)
5.6 Nervous Tissues
11
Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue.
(p. 164)
UNDERSTANDING WORDS
adip-,
fat:
adip
ose tissue—tissue that stores fat.
chondr-,
cartilage:
chondr
ocyte—cartilage cell.
-cyt,
cell: osteo
cyt
e—bone cell.
epi-,
upon, after, in addition:
epi
thelial tissue—tissue that covers
all free body surfaces.
-glia,
glue: neuro
glia
—cells that support neurons; part of
nervous tissue.
hist-,
web, tissue:
hist
ology—study of composition and function
of tissues.
hyal-,
resemblance to glass:
hyal
ine cartilage—±
exible tissue
containing chondrocytes.
inter-,
among, between:
inter
calated disc—band between
adjacent cardiac muscle cells.
macr-,
large:
macr
ophage—large phagocytic cell.
neur-,
nerve:
neur
on—nerve cell.
os-,
bone:
os
seous tissue—bone tissue.
phag-,
to eat:
phag
ocyte—cell that engulfs and destroys foreign
particles.
pseud-,
false:
pseud
ostratiF
ed epithelium—tissue with cells that
appear to be in layers, but are not.
squam-,
scale:
squam
ous epithelium—tissue with ±
attened or
scalelike cells.
strat-,
layer:
strat
iF
ed epithelium—tissue with cells in layers.
stria-,
groove:
stria
ted muscle—tissue whose cells have
alternating light and dark cross-markings.
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