1008
INDEX
Tympanostomy tubes, 453
Typhoid fever, 534t
Tyrosine, 135t, 705t
U
Ulcer(s), 668.
See also
Pressure ulcers
Ulcerative colitis, 642t, 691
Ulna, 206, 227f, 228–29, 230f, 231t,
273
Ulnar artery, 597, 601f
Ulnar collateral ligament, 272,
273
Ulnar nerves, 420
Ulnar veins, 602, 607f
Ultrasonography, 6–7
Ultrasound, 931, 932f, 933t
Ultratrace elements, 52
Umami, 450
Umbilical arteries, 891, 898, 899t, 906t
Umbilical cord, 875, 891
Umbilical cord stem cells, 108
Umbilical region, 22, 24f, 25f
Umbilical vein, 891, 897, 898f, 899t, 906t
Umbilicus,
31,
343,
347
Uncompensated acidosis, 825
Undernutrition, 723
UNICEF, 115
Unipolar neurons, 353, 360, 362t
Universal precautions, 523
Universal recipients and donors, 546
University of Connecticut, 925f
University of Maryland, 354
University of Pittsburgh, 910
University of Texas at Austin, 699
Unmyelinated axons, 358, 359f
Unsaturated fats, 63, 64
Unsaturated fatty acids, 63
Upper limbs, 205t, 206, 226–31,
342,
597,
602–603
Upper motor neuron syndrome, 397
Upper respiratory tract, 737
Up-regulation, of hormones, 485
Uracil, 949f
Uranium, 56
Urbanization, and human health, 3
Urea, 704, 788t, 796–97
Ureter,
35
36,
776f, 778f, 780f, 798–99,
801f, 834f, 853f
Urethra,
37,
45,
776f, 799f, 800–802,
834f, 848f
Urethral glands, 801
Urethral sphincter, 800, 803
Uric acid, 788t, 797, 942, 943
Urinalysis, 803
Urinary bladder,
33
36,
38,
41,
166, 776f,
799–800, 805, 834f, 848f.
See also
Urinary system; Urine
Urinary excretion, 786
Urinary excretion of odoriferous component
of asparagus, 803
Urinary system.
See also
Urinary bladder;
Urine
autonomic stimulation, 430t
cardiovascular system, 610, 804
description, 775
developmental abnormalities, 802t
digestive system, 692, 804
elimination of urine, 798–803
Transverse colon,
34
35,
40,
45,
49,
687
Transverse ±
ssure, 398, 399f, 400f
Transverse foramina, 220
Transverse fracture, 202f
Transverse humeral ligament, 271, 272f
Transverse plane, 22, 23f
Transverse process, 220
Transverse tubules, 288
Tranversus abdominis muscle,
32
33,
37,
312f, 320, 321f, 322t
Trapezius muscle,
31,
305f, 306f, 311, 312f,
313t, 315f,
341
42,
348–49
Trastuzumab, 865
Traumatic brain injury (TBI), 405
Tretinoin, 181t
Triad, 288
Triceps brachii muscle, 272f, 303, 306f,
313f, 314f, 316, 318f,
342,
347–50
Triceps-jerk refl
ex, 394
Tricuspid valve, 557, 558f, 559f, 560t
Tricyclic antidepressants, 374t
Trigeminal nerves, 415, 417t
Trigeminal neuralgia, 415
Triglycerides, 63, 64f, 65f, 702, 942.
See also
Lipids
Trigone, 774, 799, 801f
Triidothyronine, 487t, 500, 501, 942
Triploid chromosome number, 929
Triplo-X, 929
Triptans, 356
Triquetrum, 230f
Trisomy, 916, 929, 930t
Tristearin, 62
Trochanter, 208t
Trochlea, 226, 229f,
273
Trochlear nerves, 415, 417t
Trochlear notch, 229, 230f
Trochoid joint, 266–67
Trophoblast, 875, 880, 882f
Tropic hormones, 492
Tropomyosin, 287, 288f, 289
Troponin, 287, 288f, 289
True ribs, 223, 224f
Trypsin, 671, 683t
Trypsinogen, 671
Tryptophan, 135t, 374t, 705t, 714
Tubal ligation, 866, 867f
Tubal pregnancy, 882
Tubercle, 208t, 223, 765
Tuberculin skin test, 639
Tuberculosis, 534t, 639, 735, 765
Tuberosity, 208t
Tubular dysgenesis, 802t
Tubular glands, 150
Tubular reabsorption, 786, 790–92, 794
Tubular secretion, 786, 793–94
Tumor, 104
Tunic, of artery, 574, 575f, 576
Tunica albuginea, 835, 836f, 843, 847
Turner syndrome, 497, 929
T wave, 568
Twins, 880, 900
Twitch, of muscle, 296, 298f
Tumor suppressor genes, 104
Tympanic cavity, 451
Tympanic membrane, 437, 450
Tympanic refl
ex, 452–53
Tinnitus, 477
Tissue(s)
connective, 152–62
de± nition, 144
engineering, 166, 186
epithelial, 144–52
fl uid formation, 619
levels of organization, 4, 5f
life-span changes, 20
membranes, 163
muscle, 163–64, 302t
nervous, 164–65
skin, 171–77
transplantation and rejection of, 641
Tissue thrombloplastin activator (tPA), 539,
541t, 542
Titins, 287
T lymphocytes, 623.
See also
T cells
Tonsil(s), 621, 657
Tonsilitis, 657
Tongue,
38
39,
43,
657, 664, 738f
Tonometer, 477
Tooth decay, 3
Total lung capacity (TLC), 753, 754t
Totipotent cell, 105
Touch, sense of, 440, 441f
Toxic chemicals, 451, 837
Toxicity, of minerals, 717, 719
Toxicology, 25
Trabecular bone, 194, 240
Trace amine-associated receptors, 483
Trace elements, 52, 720–22, 723t
Trachea,
33
36,
38
40,
46,
664f, 738f, 741f,
742, 743f, 744f, 747t
Tracheostomy, 742, 743f
Transaminase, 942
Transcellular fl
uid, 811
Transcription, of RNA, 130, 135t
Transcriptome, 139
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
(TENS), 308, 445
Transcytosis, 98, 99f, 100t
Transdermal patch, 173
Trans fats, 63
Transferrin, 530
Transfer RNA (tRNA), 131, 134f
Transforming growth factor B (TGF-B), 608f
Transfusions, of blood, 544–48
Transient ischemic attack (TIA), 401, 588
Transitional epithelium, 150, 151f, 153t
Translation, of RNA, 131, 135t
Translocation, of chromosomes, 929
Transmembrane protein, 80
Transmissible spongiform
encephalopathies, 66
Transmission electron microscope
(TEM), 79
Transplants
bone marrow, 108
heart, 566
kidney, 779
liver, 676
tissue rejection, 637t, 641
Transport, and organ systems, 16–17.
See also
Active transport; Electron
transport chain; Gas transport;
Limited transport capacity; Sex cells
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