1007
INDEX
Theca interna, 851f
Thermoreceptors, 183f, 437, 439, 440
Theta waves, 411
Thiamine, 713–14, 717t, 719t
Thigh, muscles of, 323–25, 327t,
343,
350–51
Third-degree burn, 186
Third ventricle,
42,
385, 386f, 387f
Thirst center, 813
Thoracic aorta,
47,
592, 595t, 598f
Thoracic artery, internal, 598
Thoracic cage, 205t, 206, 222–25
Thoracic cavity, 12, 13f, 14f,
37,
623
Thoracic curvature, 219, 225
Thoracic duct, 618, 619f, 620f
Thoracic membranes, 12–14
Thoracic nerves, 418
Thoracic outlet syndrome, 424
Thoracic veins, 603
Thoracic vertebrae, 219f, 220f, 221, 222f,
223t, 224f
Thoracic wall, 597–98, 603
Thoracodorsal nerve, 421
Thorax, 15f,
47,
342
Threonine, 135t, 705t
Threshold potential, 368
Threshold stimulus, and muscular
responses, 296
Thrombin, 539
Thrombocytes, 522, 534, 535t
Thrombocytopenia, 542
Thrombophlebitis, 581
Thrombopoietin (TPO), 526, 534, 542
Thrombus, 541
Thymine, 128f, 948f, 949f
Thymosins, 512
Thymus, 512, 623, 624f, 626t, 644
Thyrocervical arteries, 596
Thyrocervical axis, 595f
Thyroid arteries, 595f, 596
Thyroid cancer, 483
Thyroid cartilage,
33
34,
343,
740, 741f
Thyroid gland,
32
34,
46
aging, 515
bone calcium, 205f
endocrine system, 499–501
radioactive isotopes, 54
Thyroid hormone, 201, 485–86, 500–501
Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH), 487t,
490, 492, 496, 499t, 942
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone, 487t, 496
Thyroxine, 201, 487t, 500, 501, 942
Tibia, 206, 235, 238t, 277f, 329f,
345
Tibial arteries, 599, 600–601f
Tibial collateral ligament, 276, 277f
Tibialis anterior muscle, 305f, 328, 329f,
332t,
344
45,
351
Tibialis posterior muscle, 331f, 332t,
334,
345
Tibial tuberosity, 235, 236f,
344
Tibial veins, 604, 606f, 607f
Tibiofemoral joint, 270t
TibioF
bular joints, 270t
Tidal volume, 752, 754t
Tight junctions, 144, 146t
Time course, of hydrogen ion
regulation, 823
Taste, 448–50, 451
Taste buds, 448, 449f
Taste cells, 448, 449
Taste hairs, 448
Taste nerve pathways, 450
Taste pore, 448
Taste receptors, 448–49
Taste sensations, 449–50
Tattoo, 177
Taylor, Amillia, 893
Tay-Sachs disease, 87, 359
T cells, 532, 534t, 629–30, 631f.
See also
T
lymphocytes
Tear gland, 430t, 464
Tectorial membrane, 455, 456f
Teeth, 658–60, 661, 690
Telencephalon, 398, 400t
Telomeres, 103
Telophase, 101, 102f, 103t, 833
Temperature.
See also
Body temperature;
Cold environment; Heat
deF
nition, 7
homeostatic mechanisms, 9–10
sense of, 440
Temporal artery, 601f
superior, 595f
Temporal bones, 209f, 210, 211f, 212, 213f,
215f, 218f,
245–46, 248–50, 253,
341
Temporalis muscle,
42,
306f, 307, 308,
341,
346
Temporal lobe,
42,
399, 400f, 401f, 402,
403t
Temporal process, 214
Temporal veins, 607f
Temporomandibular joint, 270t
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ)
syndrome, 308
Tendinitis, 286
Tendons, 155, 158, 285, 286
Tenosynovitis, 286
Tensor fasciae latae muscle,
32,
35
36,
305f, 323, 324f, 325f, 327t,
350
Tensor tympani, 452
Tentorium cerebelli, 384t, 400
Teratogens, 892, 896–97
Teres major muscle,
33,
306f, 311f, 313f,
314t, 315,
342
Teres minor muscle, 306f, 311f, 313f, 314t,
316,
348–49
Terminal bronchioles, 743, 744f, 745f
Terminal ganglia, 426
Terminology, anatomical, 20–25
Tertiary bronchi, 743, 744f
Tertiary structure, of amino acid, 66, 67f
Testes,
34,
38,
41,
512, 833–37, 845t
Testicular cancer, 835
Testosterone, 201, 489, 833, 846, 857
Tetanic contraction, 284, 297, 298f, 372
Tetrahydrolipostatin, 711
Tetraploidy, 929
Texting, and muscular movements, 285
Thalamotomy, 406
Thalamus,
39,
42,
395f, 405, 407, 410f
Thalassemia, 529t
Thalidomide, 896
Thallium–201, 54
Theca externa, 851f
Suspensory ligaments, 466, 847, 849f,
853f, 862
Sustained muscle contraction, 297, 298
Sustentacular cells, 835–36
Sutton, Josiah, 130
Sutural ligament, 262
Suture
bone, 205, 208t
joint, 260, 261–62, 267t
Swallowing mechanism, 664
Swanson, Alfred, 276
S wave, 568
Sweat, 814, 816
Sweat glands, 180
Sweet receptors, 449
Sympathetic chain ganglia, 425
Sympathetic division, of autonomic nervous
system, 424–26, 427f
Sympathetic tone, 429
Sympathetic trunks, 425
Symphysis joints, 263, 267t, 279–80
Symphysis pubis,
36
37,
41,
232f, 233,
264f, 270t, 799f, 848f
Synapse, 289, 353, 354.
See also
Synaptic
transmission
Synapsis, 832
Synaptic cleft, 290, 356
Synaptic knobs, 356, 372f
Synaptic potentials, 371–72
Synaptic transmission, 365, 371–74
Synarthrotic joints, 261, 267t
Synchondrosis, 262–63, 267t, 279
Syncytium, 301, 552
Syndesmosis, 260, 261, 267t
Synergist, 284, 304
Synesthesia, 447
Synovial cavity, 264
Synovial fl
uid, 260, 264, 265
Synovial joints, 263–77, 280
Synovial membrane, 163, 264,
273,
275f, 277f
Synthesis
chemical reactions, 50, 58
protein, 131–34
Synthetic folic acid, 716
Syphilis, 867t
Systemic capillaries, 560f
Systemic circuit, 553, 590, 592
Systemic lupus erythematosus, 279t, 642t
Systole, 564
Systolic pressure, 552, 580, 583
T
Tachycardia, 552, 572
Tactile corpuscles, 440, 446t
Tail, of sperm cell, 837
Tardive dyskinesia, 373t
Talocrural joint, 270t
Talus, 236, 237f
Tanning, and skin cancer, 175
Tapeworm, 534t
Tardive dyskinesia, 406
Target cells, 16, 483
Targeted muscle reinnervation, 300
Tarsal region, 24, 25f
Tarsals (tarsus), 206, 235f, 236, 237f,
238t,
345
previous page 1037 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 1039 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off