1006
INDEX
Submucosa, of alimentary canal, 654,
655t, 665f
Submucosal plexus, 656
Submucous coat, 800
Subscapular bursa, 271, 272f
Subscapularis muscle,
33,
314t, 315f, 316
Subscapular nerve, 421
Substance P, 373t, 374
Substantia nigra, 406
Substrate, 114, 117, 118f
Succinic acid, 946f
Succinyl-CoA, 946f
Sucralose, 701
Sucrase, 118, 682–83
Sudden cardiac arrest, 590
Sudden infant death, 757
Sugars, 62, 92, 701
Sulcus, 398, 399f, 400f, 401f
Sulfate, 62t, 788t, 818
Sulfur, 52t, 719, 721t, 819
Sulfuric acid, 819
Sunburn, 109f, 184
Sun poisoning, 184
SuperF cial, as term of relative position, 21
SuperF cial digital fl exor,
344
SuperF cial partial–thickness burn, 184
SuperF cial temporal arteries, 597
SuperF cial transversus perinei muscle, 320,
322f, 323t
Superior, as term of relative position, 21
Superior articulating processes, 220, 223f
Superior border, 226
Superior iliac spine
anterior,
31,
33,
37,
231, 232f
posterior, 232f, 233,
343
Superior peduncles, 410
Superior pubic ramus, 834f
Superior rectus muscle, 464, 465t
Superior region, 1
Superoxide dismutase (SOD), 909
Supination, of joint, 268f, 269
Supinator, 316, 317f
Support function
of bone, 202
of organ systems, 14
Suppression amblyopia, 465
Suprascapular notch, 227f
Supraglenoid tubercle, 227f
Supraorbital foramen, 208, 209f, 217t,
245,
247–48.
See also
Infraorbital foramen
Supraorbital notch, 208, 209f,
245, 253,
341
Supraorbital ridge, 234t
Suprapatellar bursa, 265, 276, 277f
Suprarenal arteries, 592, 594f, 601f, 778f
Suprarenal veins, 604, 778f
Supraspinatus muscle, 311f, 313f, 314t, 315
Supraspinous fossa, 226, 227f
Supratrochlear region, 622
Sural region, 24, 25f
Surface anatomy, 341–45
Surface tension, 750
Surfactant, 750, 905
Surgery.
See also
Medical science
birth control, 866, 867f
hypothermia, 183
obesity, 711
Surgical neck, 226, 229f
neural, 365
structure and function, 105–106
tooth extraction as source, 660
treatment of disease, 108
Stereoscopic vision, 475
Sternal angle, 224
Sternal puncture, 225
Sternal region, 24, 25f
Sternoclavicular joint, 270t
Sternocleidomastoid muscle,
31
32,
305,
306f, 307f, 308, 310, 312f,
341,
343,
346–47
Sternocostal joint, 270t
Sternum,
33,
39
40,
43,
206, 223–25, 227f,
555f, 598f
Steroid hormones, 485–86, 489
Steroid molecules, 64, 65f.
See also
Lipids
Stickler syndrome, 157t
Stomach,
33
35,
38,
40,
604f, 653f, 665–71
Strabismus, 465
Strangulated hernia, 835
StratiF
ed columnar epithelium, 150, 153t
StratiF
ed cuboidal epithelium, 148,
149f, 153t
StratiF
ed squamous epithelium, 143, 145,
147–48, 149f
Striated muscle, 143, 163
Stratum basale, 173, 174f
Stratum corneum, 173, 174f
Stratum granulosum, 173, 174f
Stratum lucidum, 173, 174f
Stratum spinosum, 173, 174f
Strausbaugh, Linda, 925f
Strength training, 334
Strep A infection, 279t
Streptococcus
bacteria, 557
Stress and stress response
endocrine system, 513–15
hypertension, 588
Stretch receptors, 439, 444f
Stretch refl
ex, 444
Stroke, 401, 588, 911t
Strong acid, 820
Strong bases, 820
Structural formulas, of atoms, 57
Stuart-Prower factor, 541t
Styloid process, 210, 211f, 215f, 228,
229, 230f
Stylomastoid foramen, 211f, 217t,
249–51.
See
also
Mastoid foramen
Subacromial bursa, 272
Subarachnoid space, 385, 387f, 388f
Subatomic particles, 4, 5f
Subchondral plate, 264
Subclavian arteries,
36
37,
46
47,
592, 593f,
595f, 596f, 597f, 601f
Subclavian trunk, 617, 619f, 620f
Subclavian veins,
33
35,
602, 603, 607f
Subcoracoid bursa, 272
Subcutaneous fascia, 287
Subcutaneous injections, 173
Subcutaneous layer, 172–73
Subcutaneous tissue,
42
Subdeltoid bursa, 271–72
Subdural hematoma, 384
Sublingual glands, 661, 662f, 663t
Submandibular glands, 661, 662f, 663t
Spermatids, 836
Spermatogenesis, 830, 836, 837, 839f.
See
also
Sperm; Sperm cells
Spermatogenic cells, 835
Spermatogonia, 836, 838f
Sperm cells, 833, 835–37, 841, 847f
Sperm donation, 878
Spermicide, 865, 866t
Sphenoidal fontanel, 218f
Sphenoidal sinus,
39,
42,
212, 213f, 214f,
215f,
254,
738f
Sphenoid bone, 209f–13f, 215f, 218f,
245–
46, 248–51, 254–57,
493f, 738
Sphenomandibularis, 308
Spheroidal joint, 265
Sphincter muscle, 306
Sphincter urethrae muscle, 322, 323t
Sphygmomanometer, 582–83
Spina biF
da, 166, 398, 892
Spinal artery, 596f
Spinal branch, 417
Spinal cord,
38,
40,
43
45,
385f, 387–96,
397, 399f , 405f, 596f
Spinal cord injuries, 397, 934
Spinalis capitis muscle, 309f, 310t
Spinalis cervicis muscle, 309f, 310t
Spinalis thoracis muscle, 309f, 310t
Spinal nerves, 387, 411, 412, 417–23
Spine.
See also
Spinal cord; Vertebrae
deF nition, 208t
of scapula, 226, 227f
Spinocerebellar tracts, 395, 396t
Spinothalamic tract, 393, 395, 396t
Spinous process, 220
Spiral fracture, 202f
Spiral lamina, 454f
Spiral organ, 455, 456f, 457f
Spirometer, 753
Spirometry, 752
Spleen,
34
36,
45,
604f, 623–25, 626t, 777f
Splenic artery, 594f
Splenic vein, 604
Splenius capitis muscle, 308, 309f, 310,
346
Spondyloarthropathy, 279t
Spondylolisthesis, 221
Spondylolysis, 220, 221
Spongy bone, 194, 195
Spontaneous fracture, 202
Spontaneous mutations, 136
Sprains, 278
Squamous epithelium, 143, 145
Squamous suture, 209f, 210, 215f,
246, 248
SRY
gene, 927
Stanford University, 375
Stapedius, 452
Stapes, 451–52
Starvation, 725–28
Static equilibrium, 459–60
Statins, 97
Steele, Allen, 278
Stem cells
baldness therapy, 179
blood cells and hematopoietic, 524,
525f, 526
brain function and malfunction, 354
cell pathways, 107f
heart transplant, 566
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