1004
INDEX
Salt receptors, 450
Saphenous veins,
31
32,
35,
327f, 606f
greater, 581
lesser, 581
small, 605, 607f
Sarcolemma, 287
Sarcoplasm, 284, 287
Sarcoplasmic reticulum, 284, 288
Sartorius muscle,
31
33,
35
36,
45,
305f,
306f, 324f, 325f, 326f, 327f, 328, 331f,
344,
350
Satellite cells, 363
Saturated fats, 63
Saturated fatty acid, 63
Scab, 183, 185f
Scala tympani, 453
Scala vestibuli, 453
Scalp,
39,
42
Scanning electron microscope (SEM), 79
Scanning probe microscope, 79
Scaphoid, 230f
Scapula, 206, 226, 227f, 231t, 272f,
313f, 315f
Scar tissue, 183, 185f
Schiavo, Terry, 383
Schizophrenia, 373t, 431
Schwann cells, 356, 357f, 358f, 363
Sciatica, 424
Sciatic nerves, 423
Scintillation counter, 54, 609
Sclera, 437, 465, 470t
Scleroderma, 279t, 643
Scoliosis, 225
Scrotum,
34,
41,
834f, 842, 845t
Scurvy, 716
“Seat belt contusions,” 2
Sebaceous glands, 153f, 170, 179–80,
181, 182t
Sebum, 180
Secondary bronchi, 743, 744f
Secondary follicle, 849
Secondary immune response, 637
Secondary malnutrition, 723, 725
Secondary metabolites, 115
Secondary oocyte, 849, 850f, 851f, 852f,
853f, 877, 880f, 881f
Secondary ossiF
cation centers, 198
Secondary pacemaker, 573
Secondary sex characteristics, 846,
847f, 857
Secondary spermatocytes, 836
Secondary structure, of amino acid, 66, 67f
Secondary teeth, 658, 659t
Second-degree burn, 184
Secondhand smoke, 736
Second line of defense, 626, 823
Second messengers, 487
Second polar body, 849, 850f
Secretin, 672, 673f, 678t
Secretion
autocrine, 483
control of hormonal, 491–92
gastric, 666–69
milk production, 902–903, 904
pancreatic, 672
paracrine, 483
salivary, 660
Right upper quadrant (RUQ), of abdomen,
22, 24f
Right ventricle,
35,
44
46,
558f
Rigor mortis, 293
Rinne test, 459
Risk factors, for stroke, 588t
RNA (ribonucleic acid).
See also
Chromosomes; Genetic(s)
cellular metabolism, 130–31
DNA compared to, 133t
structure of, 68, 948–49
RNA interference (RNAi), 136
RNA polymerase, 131
Rods, of eye, 473, 474f
Root
of hair follicle, 178
of penis, 843
of tooth, 659
Root canals, 659
Rotation, of joint, 268f, 269
Rotator cuff, 271
Rotator muscles, 316
Rothman, Cappy, 876
Rough endoplasmic reticulum, 83, 84f
Round bones, 193
Round ligament of uterus,
35,
849f,
853f, 854
Round window, 453
Rubella virus, 896
Rubrospinal tracts, 395, 396t, 402
Ruddy, Erin Zammett, 536f
“Rule of nines,” for burns, 186, 187f
Ruptured disc, 225
R wave, 568
S
Saccharin, 701
Saccule, 459, 461f
Sacral artery, 599f
middle, 593, 594f
Sacral canal, 222, 223f, 232f
Sacral curvature, 219, 233f
Sacral foramina, anterior, 222, 223f
Sacral hiatus, 222, 223f, 232f
Sacral nerves, 418f, 419
Sacral promontory, 222, 223f, 232f, 233f
Sacral region, 24, 25f
Sacroiliac joints, 222, 231, 232f, 270t
Sacromeres, 287, 288f
Sacrum,
37,
41,
206, 218, 219f, 222, 223f,
223t, 232f, 234t,
343,
388f
Saddle joint, 266f, 267
Sagittal plane, 22, 23f
Sagittal section, of skull, 215f
Sagittal suture, 208, 218f,
246
St. John’s Wort, 725
St. Martin, Alexis, 668
Salicylic acid, 181t
Salivary amylase, 660, 683t
Salivary glands, 104, 430t, 653f, 660–61,
662f, 663t
Salivary secretions, 660
Salt(s), 59, 203–204.
See also
Bile salts;
Sodium chloride
Saltatory conduction, 353, 371
Salt craving, 815
cardiovascular system, 610, 768
cigarette smoking, 739
control of breathing, 755–59
digestive system, 692, 768
endocrine system, 516, 768
excretion of carbon dioxide, 822–23
gas transport, 762–67
integumentary system, 188, 768
life-span changes, 767, 769, 908t
lymphatic system, 645, 768
major functions of, 8t, 17, 18f
muscular system, 333, 768
nervous system, 378, 768
organs of, 737–47
parts of, 747t
reasons for breathing, 726–27
reproductive system, 768, 868
skeletal system, 239, 768
urinary system, 768, 804
Respiratory syncytial virus, 637t
Respiratory tubes, 744–46
Respiratory volumes, 752–53, 754t
Responsiveness, as characteristic of life, 8t
Resting potential, 366, 367f
Resting tidal volume, 752
Restless legs syndrome, 409t
Rete testis, 835, 836f
Reticular connective tissue, 158, 159f, 162t
Reticular F
bers, 156
Reticular formation, 408f, 409
Reticulocytes, 527
Reticulospinal tracts, 395, 396t, 402
Retina, 469, 470f, 473
Retinal, 709f, 710
Retinal pigment epithelium, 473
Retinol, 709f
Retraction, of joint, 269
Retrolental F
broplasia (RL±), 760
Retroperitoneal fat,
45
Retroperitoneal positioning, of kidneys,
776, 777f
Reversible reaction, 59
R group, 65
Rh blood types, 546, 547–48
Rheumatic fever, 642t
Rheumatoid arthritis, 265, 278, 279t, 491,
637t, 642t, 934
Rhodopsin, 473, 474f, 475, 710
RhoGAM, 548
Rhombencephalon, 398, 400t
Rhomboid muscle, 306f, 311, 313t,
348
Rhythmicity, of smooth muscles, 300
Rhythm method, of contraception,
863, 866t
Rib(s),
37,
43
46,
222–23, 224f, 226f, 227f
Rib facet, 219f
Ribofl avin, 714, 717t
Ribose, 68f, 701
Ribosomal RNA (rRNA), 132
Ribosomes, 75, 82, 91t
Ribozymes, 132
Rickets, 200, 712
Right atrium,
35,
46
Right hemisphere, 403, 404
Right lower quadrant (RLQ), of abdomen,
22, 24f
Right lymphatic duct, 618, 619f, 620f
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