1002
INDEX
Prostaglandins, 485, 486f, 491, 639, 840
Prostate cancer, 841
Prostate gland,
45,
799f, 801f, 834f, 840,
841, 845t
Prostate speciF c antigen (PSA), 51, 841
Prostatic urethra, 801
Protease, 118
Protection, as bone function, 202
Protein(s).
See also
Amino acids
anabolism, 116
bone, 201
catabolism, 126f
cell membrane, 79, 80, 81t
dietary deF
ciency, 706
hormones, 487t
nutrition, 704–706
organic compounds, 69t
structure and functions, 64–66, 67f
synthesis, 131–34
total serum, 941
urine, 798
Protein buffer system, 821–22
Protein F
bers, 153
Protein hormones, 485
Protein kinases, 488
Protein misfolding, 66
Proteome, 139
Proteomics, 144, 918, 933
Prothrombin, 539, 541t, 712
Prothrombin time (PT), 541
Proton, 51t, 52
Protraction, of joint, 269
Provitamins, 709
Proximal, as term of relative position, 21
Proximal convoluted tubule, 780f, 781,
783f, 786f, 797t
Proximal phalanx, 230f, 237f,
344
45
Proximal tubule, 774
Pseudohermaphroditism, 846
PseudostratiF ed columnar epithelium, 143,
146, 148f, 153t
Psoas major,
37,
323, 324f, 327t
Psoas minor, 324f
Psoriasis, 173, 637t
Psychiatry, 25.
See also
Depression; Mania;
Obsessive–compulsive disorder;
Posttraumatic stress disorder;
Schizophrenia
Psychological stress, 514
Pteroylmonoglutamic acid, 716
Puberty, 830, 846, 862
Pubic arch, 232f, 233, 234t
Pubic crest, 232f
Pubic tubercle, 232f
Pubis, 232f, 233, 275f
Pubofemoral ligament, 275f
Pudendal artery, 598, 599f, 600f
Pudendal nerve, 423
Pudendal veins, 605
Pulled hamstrings, 326
Pulmonary arteries,
35,
40,
557, 558f, 560f,
562f, 591f, 593f, 608f, 745f, 898f
Pulmonary circuit, 553, 590–92
Pulmonary edema, 592
Pulmonary embolism, 543, 581
Pulmonary trunk,
34
35,
557, 558f,
562f, 898f
Premature infants, 893
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
(PMDD), 859
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS), 859
Prenatal period, of development, 875, 876,
879–903
Prenatal tests, for chromosome
abnormalities, 931–33.
See also
Laboratory tests
Prepatellar bursa, 265, 276–77
Prepuce, 843
Presbycusis, 477
Presbyopia, 472
Prediabetes, 512
Premolars, 659
Prepuce, 834f
Pressure.
See also
Atmospheric pressure;
Blood pressure; Hydrostatic pressure;
Osmotic pressure
characteristics of life, 8, 9t
sense of, 440, 441f
Pressure ulcers, 173
Presynaptic neuron, 365
Prevention, of breast cancer, 865
Primary bronchi, 743
Primary follicle, 849, 853f
Primary germ layers, 885
Primary immune response, 637
Primary malnutrition, 723
Primary metabolites, 115
Primary oocyte, 847, 850f, 851f, 853f
Primary ossiF
cation center, 198
Primary sex organs, 833, 846
Primary spermatocyte, 836
Primary structure, of amino acid, 65–66, 67f
Primary teeth, 658, 659t
Prime mover, 304
Primordial follicle, 830, 847, 849, 851f,
852f, 853f
Prion, 66
Proaccelerin, 541t
Probenecid, 793
Probiotics, 652
Procaine, 372
Process, deF
nition, 208t
Procollagen, 157
Products, of chemical reactions, 58
Progenitor cell, 105–106, 107f
Progesterone, 857, 859, 884
Projection, and sensation, 439
Prokaryotic cells, 76
Prolactin, 482, 487t, 495, 499t, 902
Prolactin release–inhibiting hormone (PRL),
487t, 492, 495
Prolactin-releasing factor (PR±), 487t, 495
Proline, 135t, 705t
Pronation, of joint, 268f, 269
Pronator quadratus, 316, 317f
Pronator teres, 316, 317f
Propelling movements, in alimentary
canal, 654
Prophase, 75, 101, 102f, 103t, 832, 833
Proprioceptive senses, 440
Proprioceptors and proprioception, 414,
439, 444–46
Prosencephalon, 398, 400t
Prostacyclin (PGI), 542, 543t
Popliteus muscle, 277f
Pores, of skin, 170, 180
Porphyria cutanea tarda, 138f
Porphyria variegata, 138f, 530, 548t, 924
Porta hepatis, 673
Portal system, of pituitary gland, 493
Positive chemotaxis, 533
Positive energy balance, 708
Positive feedback mechanism, 11–12, 539,
900, 901f
Positive nitrogen balance, 706
Positron emission tomography (PET)
imaging, 70–71
Posterior, as term of relative position, 21
Posterior canal, 460
Posterior cavity, 469
Posterior chamber, 467
Posterior fontanel, 218f
Posterior funiculus, 389, 390f
Posterior group, of thigh muscles, 323
Posterior horns, 389, 390f
Posterior longitudinal ligaments, 220
Posterior median sulcus, 389, 390f
Posterior sacral foramina, 222, 223f
Postganglionic F
ber, 424
Postmortem sperm retrieval, 876
Postnatal period, of development, 875, 876,
904–909
Postpolio syndrome, 290
Postsynaptic neuron, 365
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 405
Potassium.
See also
Sodium/potassium
pump
blood tests, 941
chemical constituents of cells, 62t
elecrolyte balance, 818, 820
elemental composition of human
body, 52t
heart action, 572, 573
ion channels, 82, 365, 366, 370t
nutrition, 718–19, 721t
urine, 788t, 794t
PQ interval, 568
PR interval, 568
Prader-Willi syndrome, 497
Preactive dying, 908
Precapillary sphincters, 578
Precipitation, 636t
Preembryonic stage, of development, 895t
Preganglionic F
ber, 424, 427f, 428f
Pregnancy.
See also
±etus; Infertility
deF nition, 876
dietary iron, 721
fertilization, 877–78
fetal development, 892–94
hormonal changes during, 883–84, 885t
naturally acquired passive immunity, 638
prenatal development, 879–903
Rh blood group, 547
transport of sex cells, 876–77
Pregnancy-associated plasma protein A
(PAPP–A), 884
Pregnanediol, 861
Preimplantation genetic diagnosis
(PGD), 883
Preload, and blood pressure, 586
Premature beat, 572
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