1001
INDEX
Placental estrogens, 884, 885t
Placental lactogen, 884, 885t
Placental membrane, 886, 890f
Placental progesterone, 884, 885t
Plane joints, 266, 267t
Plant(s), secondary metabolites of as
drugs, 115
Plantar arteries, 599
lateral, 600f
medial, 600f
Plantar fl
exion, 269
Plantar fl exors, 330
Plantaris, 277f, 331f, 332
Plantar refl
ex, 394
Plantar region, 24, 25f
Plantar veins
lateral, 606f
medial, 606f
Plasma, 162, 523, 524f, 535–38, 789
Plasma cells, 633
Plasma colloid osmotic pressure, 619
Plasma electrolytes, 538
Plasma lipids, 537
Plasma nutrients, 536–37
Plasma proteins, 535–36
Plasma thromboplastin antecedent and
component, 541t
Plasmin, 541
Plasminogen, 541
Platelet(s), 162, 535t
Platelet count, 534, 941
Platelet–derived growth factor (PDGF),
541, 781
Platelet plug, 538
Platysma, 306t, 307
Pleiotropy, 924
Pleural cavity,
36,
747, 748f
Pleural membranes, 1, 12, 751
Plexus, 420
Plicae circulares, 682
Pluripotent cells, 106
Pneumocystis jirovecii,
642, 765
Pneumonia, 765, 911t
Pneumotaxic center, 757
Pneumothorax, 751
Podiatry, 25
Podocytes, 781
Polar molecule, 57, 68
Poliomyelitis, 290, 756
Polyclonal response, 633
Polycystic kidney disease, 802t
Polycythemia, 522
Polydactyly, 231, 924
Polygenic traits, 924–26
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR), 127,
132, 274
Polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs),
531.
See also
Neutrophils
Polypeptide, 116
Polyploidy, 929
Polysaccharides, 62, 63f, 700
Polyunsaturated fatty acids, 50, 63
Pons, 398, 399f, 407, 410f, 412t, 755f
Pontine respiratory group, 757
Popliteal artery, 599, 600–601f
Popliteal region, 24, 25f
Popliteal veins, 604, 606f, 607f
Peristaltic waves, 664f, 670f, 686, 689,
798–99
Peritoneal cavity, 14
Peritoneal membranes, 14
Peritubular capillary, 780f, 783f, 784–85,
786f, 791
Permeability, of capillary, 576
Pernicious anemia, 529, 642t, 715
Peroxisomes, 86, 87, 91t
Perpendicular plate, 212, 215f,
253
Persistent vegetative state, 383, 409
Peyer’s patches, 621–22
P53 protein, 175
pH and pH scale, 59–60, 823, 824, 941, 943.
See also
Acid(s); Base(s)
Phagocytes, 96, 143
Phagocytosis, 75, 96–97, 100t, 627, 628t
Phalanges, of ±
ngers and toes, 206, 228f,
230f, 231, 235f, 237f, 238.
See also
Distal phalanx; Middle phalanx;
Proximal phalanx
Pharmacology, 25
Pharyngeal tonsils, 657, 738f
Pharynx,
43,
653f, 661, 663–64, 740, 747t
Phencyclidine, 904t
Phenobarbitol, 904t
Phenotype, 916, 920, 928
Phenylalanine, 66f, 135t, 705t
Phenylpyruvic acid, 943
Pheochromocytoma, 483
Pheomelanin, 178, 179
Pheromones, 483
Phlebitis, 552, 581
Phosphatase, serum, 941
Phosphate, 62t, 788t, 818, 819f
Phosphate buffer system, 821, 822t
Phosphoenolpyruvic acid, 944, 945f
Phosphoglyceric acids, 944, 945f
Phospholipids, 64, 65f.
See also
Lipids
Phosphoproteins, 820
Phosphoric acid, 820
Phosphorus, 52t, 204, 717–18, 721t, 941
Phosphorylation, 119, 944
Photoreceptors, 437, 439, 475
Phrenic arteries, 592, 594f
Phrenic nerve,
47,
420, 735, 750
Phrenic veins, 604
Physical stress, 201, 514
Physiological steady state, 92
Physiologic dead space, 753
Physiology, 1, 4, 54, 933–34
Pia mater, 385, 387f
Pica, 722
Pilocarpine, 431
Pineal cells, 511
Pineal gland, 407, 511–13
Pinocytosis, 75, 96, 100t
Piriformis, 323, 325f, 327t
Pisiform, 230f
Pitch, of vocal sound, 741
Pituitary dwar±
sm, 201.
See also
Dwar±
sm
Pituitary gigantism, 201.
See also
Gigantism
Pituitary gland, 487t, 492–99, 596f, 845,
857, 858, 859t
posterior, 407, 487t, 489
Pivot joint, 266–67
Placenta, 512, 882, 884, 890f, 898f
Pectoral girdle, 205t, 206, 225–26, 227f,
310–12
Pectoralis major muscle,
31
32,
43,
305,
312, 314t,
343,
347,
862
Pectoralis minor muscle,
32,
312, 313t
Pectoral nerves, 421
Pectoral region, 24, 25f
Pedal region, 24, 25f
Pediatrics, 25
Pedicels, 781
Pedicles, 220
Pedigrees (genetic), 920–21
Peeling, of sunburn, 184
Pellagra, 698, 714
Pelvic brim, 233
Pelvic cavity, 1, 12, 622
Pelvic diaphragm, 320
Pelvic girdle, 205t, 206, 231–34, 238t
Pelvic infl
ammatory disease, 869
Pelvic outlet, muscles of, 320, 322, 323t
Pelvic region, 24, 25f
Pelvic sacral foramen,
37
Pelvis, 206, 231, 233–34, 598–99,
604–605, 606f
Penetrance, and gene expression, 924
Penetrating keratoplasty, 465
Penile urethra, 801f, 802
Penis,
33
34,
801f, 834f, 843, 845t
Pepsin, 666, 668, 683t
Pepsinogen, 666, 668
Peptidases, 682–83
Peptide(s), 373, 487t
Peptide bond, 116, 117f
Peptide hormones, 485
Perception, 438–40
Percutaneous transluminal coronary
angioplasty (PTCA), 609
Perforating canals, 195
Perforins, 627, 630
Pericardial arteries, 592
Pericardial cavity, 12,
43,
554
Pericardial membranes, 1, 12
Pericardial sac,
33
Pericardium, 1,
44,
554, 556f
Perichondrium, 158
Peridontal ligament, 262, 660
Perilymph, 453, 454f
Perimetrium, 853f, 854, 855
Perimysium, 286
Perineal artery, 599f
Perineal region, 24, 25f
Perineurium, 412, 413f
Periodic Table, 939
Periosteum, 194
Peripheral, as term of relative position, 21
Peripheral chemoreceptors, 758
Peripheral nerve, 364, 412, 414
Peripheral nervous system
de±
nition, 353, 354, 411
diagrammatic representation of, 355f
nerve classi±
cation, 412, 414
structure of nerves, 412
Peripheral neuropathy, 441
Peripheral protein, 80
Peripheral resistance (PR), 583–84, 585
Peristalsis, 300, 651, 654, 656f
Peristaltic rush, 686
previous page 1031 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 1033 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off