999
INDEX
def
nition, 698, 699
intestinal absorption oF, 686t
Nutrition.
See also
Diet; ±ood; Nutrients
carbohydrates, 700–702
def
nition, 699
energy expenditures, 706–709
healthy eating, 722–28
height, 925F
liFe-span changes, 728
lipids, 702–704
minerals, 717–22
proteins, 704–706
vitamins, 709–16
Nutritional edema, 706
Nystagmus, 473
O
Obesity
def
nition, 698
diet and weight, 708–709, 710–11
hypertension, 588
Oblique Fracture, 202F
Oblique muscles
external,
31
33,
305, 306F, 312F, 320,
321F, 322t,
347–48
inFerior, 464, 465t
internal,
32
33,
312F, 320, 321F, 322t
superior, 415, 464, 465t
Oblique popliteal ligament, 276, 277F
Oblique section, 22, 23F
O’Brien, Chloe, 883
Obsessive–compulsive disorder, 70–71
Obstetrics, 24.
See also
Pregnancy
Obstructive jaundice, 676
Ostructive sleep apnea syndrome, 409t
Obturator artery, 599F
Obturator Foramen,
37,
232F, 233, 234t
Obturator nerves, 423
OCA2
gene, 926
Occiptal artery, 595F, 597
Occipital bone, 208, 210t, 211F, 213F, 215F,
218F,
246,
249–51, 253, 255–56,
341
Occipital condyle, 208, 211F,
249–51,
253, 255
Occipitalis, 306,
346
Occipital lobe,
42,
400, 401F, 402, 403t
Occipital region, 23, 25F
Occupational hazards, and birth deFects,
897
Octet rule, 55
Oculomotor nerves, 414, 417t
Odontoid process, 192, 221
“Oldest old,” 911
Olecranon Fossa, 226
Olecranon process, 228F, 229,
273,
342
43
OlFactory, def
nition, 437
OlFactory bulbs, 414, 447
OlFactory code, 448
OlFactory Foramina, 212, 213F
OlFactory nerves, 414, 417t, 447–48
OlFactory organs, 446
OlFactory receptors, 414, 446
OlFactory stimulation, 448
OlFactory tracts, 447–48
Oligodendrocytes, 353, 358, 361–63
Oligomeganephronia, 802t
blood glucose levels, 511
classif
cation oF, 359–61, 362t
def
nition, 143, 354
pH oF body fl
uids, 822
structure and Functions, 164, 165F,
355F, 357F
synapse, 365
Neuronal pools, 374–75
Neuropathic pain, 442
Neuropeptides, 373t, 374, 700
Neurospheres, 354
Neutralization, 636t
Neutral solution, 810
Neurotransmitters, 289, 354, 372–74,
428–31
Neutron, 51t, 52
Neutrophils, 531, 532F, 534t, 535t, 627
New England Centenarian Study, 910
Niacin, 714, 717t
Niacinamide, 714
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide.
See
NAD
+
Nicotine, 374t, 377, 429, 904t.
See also
Cigarette smoke and smoking
Nicotinic receptors, 429, 714, 717t
Niemann-Pick type C disease, 608
Nigeria, and polio vaccine, 290
Nightblindness, 475, 710
Nipple,
31,
862
Nitric oxide, 61, 373t, 587
Nitrogen, 52t, 53t
Nitrogen balance, 705–706
Nocturnal emissions, 845
Nodes oF Ranvier, 356, 357F, 358F, 371
Nodule, 616
Nondisjunction, 929
Nonelectrolytes, 61
Nonprotein nitrogenous substances
(NPNs), 537–38
Nonrespiratory air movements, 754–55
Nonsteroidal anti-infl
ammatory drugs
(NSAIDs), 278, 445, 691
Nonsteroid hormones, 485, 486–88,
490–91
Norepinephrine, 301, 373t, 377, 426, 429,
430, 486F, 487t, 505, 506t
Normal range, oF homeostasis, 12
Norovirus, 638
Nose, 737, 747t
Nuclear envelope, 89, 91t
Nuclear pores, 89
Nuclear waste, 56
Nucleases, 672, 683t
Nucleic acids, 68, 69t, 124–31, 820.
See also
DNA; RNA
Nucleolus, 90, 91t
Nucleotides, 68
Nucleus (nuclei)
oF atom, 50, 52
basal, 398, 404, 405F, 412t
brainstem, 407
oF cell, 76, 89–90, 91F
Nucleus cuneatus, 408
Nucleus gracilis, 408
Nucleus pulposus, 263
Nutrients.
See also
Diet; ±ood; Nutrition
birth deFects, 897
Neonatology, 24
Nephritis, 782
Nephrology, 24
Nephron, 774, 778F, 779, 781–85, 786F,
797t, 823
Nephron loop, 781, 783F, 786F, 795, 797t
Nephrotic syndrome, 793, 802t
Nerve(s), 354.
See also
Nerve f
bers; Nerve
impulses; Nervous system; Neuron(s)
Nerve cell, 77F.
See also
Neuron(s)
Nerve f
bers, 387, 412, 424, 438
Nerve gas, 293
Nerve impulses, 16, 354, 369–70, 372
Nerve tracts, 389
Nervous system.
See also
Autonomic
nervous system; Brain; Central
nervous system; Peripheral nervous
system
cardiovascular system, 378, 610
cell membrane potential, 365–71
classif cation oF cells, 359–64
def
nition, 354
description oF cells, 356–59
digestive system, 378, 692
endocrine system, 378, 484t, 516
general Functions oF, 355–56
general senses, 440–46
hormone secretion, 492
impulse processing, 374–76
integumentary system, 188, 378
liFe-span changes, 431, 908t
lymphatic system, 378, 645
major Functions oF, 8t, 16, 17F
meninges, 384–85
muscular system, 333, 378
receptors, sensation, and perception,
438–40
reproductive system, 378, 868
respiratory system, 378, 768
skeletal system, 239, 378
special senses, 446–76
spinal cord, 387–96
subdivisions oF, 412t
synapse, 365
synaptic transmission, 371–74
urinary system, 378, 804
ventricles and cerebrospinal fl
uid,
385–86
Nervous tissues, 146t, 164–65
Nervous tunic, 465
Net f
ltration pressure, 788
Neural stem cells, 365
Neural tube, 398
Neural tube deFect (NTD), 398, 716, 725
Neurilemma, 353, 356, 358F
Neurilemmal sheath, 356
Neurof
brils, 356, 357F, 358F
Neuroglia, 143, 164–65, 354, 355F, 361–64
Neurology, 24
Neuroma, 364
Neuromodulators, 374
Neuromuscular junction, 289–90
Neuron(s).
See also
AFFerent neurons;
Bipolar neurons; EFFerent neurons;
Interneurons; Motor neurons;
Multipolar neurons; Receptors;
Sensory neurons; Unipolar neurons
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