997
INDEX
pericardial, 1, 12
peritoneal, 14
placental, 886, 890f
pleural, 1, 12, 751
respiratory, 760–62
serous, 15f, 163
synovial, 163, 264,
273,
275f, 277f
tectorial, 455, 456f
thoracic, 12–14
tissues, 163
Membrane potential, 366
Membranous labyrinth, 453, 454f, 455f
Membranous urethra, 801f, 802
Memory, and brain, 404
Memory cells, 630, 632, 637
Menarche, 857
Meningeal artery, 596f
Meningeal branch, 420
Meninges, 382, 384–85, 399f
Meningitis, 385
Meniscus, 265, 276, 277f, 278, 280f
Menopause, 240, 860–61
Menses, 830
Menstruation, 830, 857, 859
Mental foramen, 209f, 210f, 217t,
252
Mental region, 23, 25f
Mental retardation, 929.
See also
Down
syndrome
Merocine glands, 150, 152f, 153t
Mesangial cells, 781
Mesencephalon, 398, 400t, 407
Mesentery,
35,
49
Mesenteric arteries, 599f, 601f
inferior,
36,
593, 594f
superior,
36,
49,
592, 594f
Mesenteric veins, 603, 604
superior,
36,
49
Mesentery, 680, 681f
Mesoderm, 875, 885, 887f
Mesodermal cells, 885
Messenger RNA (mRNA), 130–31
Metabolic acidosis, 824, 825
Metabolic alkalosis, 824, 826
Metabolic pathways, 118
Metabolism.
See also
Cellular metabolism
characteristics of life, 6
deF
nition, 1, 699
inborn errors of, 137–38
intermediary, 115
water of, 813
Metabolome, 139
Metacarpal bones, 206, 228f, 229, 230f,
231,
344
Metacarpus, 229
Metaphase, 101, 102f, 103t, 832, 833
Metarterioles, 576, 577f
Metatarsal bones, 206, 235f, 236–38
Metatarsal joint, 270t
Metatarsophalangeal joint, 270t
Metatarsus, 236
Metencephalon, 400t
Methionine, 705, 719
Methotrexate, 904t
Metopic suture, 216
Microbiome, 652
Microchimerism, 643
MicroF
laments, 88–89, 90f, 91f
Maxilla,
39,
209f, 210f, 211f, 213f, 215f, 218f,
245, 248–49,
341
Maxillary artery, 595f, 597
Maxillary bones, 212–13, 216t, 738
Maxillary division, 415
Maxillary sinuses, 212, 214f, 215f,
255
Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid, 724f
McCartney, Macie Hope, 895
McCune-Albright syndrome, 491
M cells, 98
Mean arterial pressure, 583
Mean corpuscular volume, 941
Meatus, deF
nition, 208t.
See also
Auditory
meatus; External acoustic meatus;
Internal acoustic meatus
Mechanical barriers
birth control, 863
infection, 626, 628t
Mechanical digestion, 652
Mechanoreceptors, 439
Mechnikov, Ilya, 910
Medial, as term of relative position, 21
Medial border, 226
Medial condyle, 235, 236f, 277f
Medial cuneiform, 237f
Medial epicondyle, 229f, 236f,
273,
344
Medial malleolus, 236f,
345
Medial meniscus, 277f
Medial pterygoid, 211f, 307, 308
Medial rectus muscle,
42,
464, 465
Median F
ssure, anterior, 389, 390f
Median nerves, 420
Median palatine suture, 211f,
249, 251
Median plane, 22
Median sacral crest, 222, 223f
Mediastinal arteries, 592
Mediastinum, 12, 556f
Mediastinum testis, 835
Medical science.
See also
Disease; Drug(s);
Space medicine; Surgery
human history, 3
laboratory tests of clinical importance,
940–43
treatment of dying, 907
Mediterranean Diet Pyramid, 724f
Medulla, of ovary, 847
Medulla oblongata, 398, 399f, 408–409,
410f, 412t, 755f
Medullary cavity, 194
Medullary respiratory center, 756, 757f
Megadosing, with vitamins, 710
Megakaryocytes, 526, 534
Megaloblastic anemia, 716
Meiosis, 100–101, 831–33
Melanin, 170, 174, 468, 926
Melanocytes, 174, 176f
Melanoma, 175
MELAS (mitochondrial
encephalomyopathy, lactic acidosis,
and strokelike episodes), 87
Melatonin, 512
Membrane
cell, 76, 78–81, 82, 91t
interosseous, 261
mitochondrial, 946, 947f
mucous, 163, 653
parietal, 1
nutrition, 720
urine, 788t
Magnetic resonance imagery (MRI),
6–7, 561
Mainstream smoke, 736
Major calyx, 774, 776, 778f
Major histocompatibility complex
(MHC), 630
Major minerals, 717–20, 721t
Malabsorption, 686
Malaria, 534t, 922
Male.
See also
Gender
body odor, 483
differences in female skeleton, 234t
pelvis, 233f, 234, 322f
reproductive system, 18, 833–46
urinary bladder and urethra, 801f
Male climacteric, 846
Malic acid, 946f
Malignant hyperthermia, 811
Malignant tumor, 104
Malleus, 437, 451–52
Malnutrition, 698, 723, 725, 897
Maltase, 118, 682–83
Mammary glands,
31,
182t, 620f, 830, 861–
62, 902, 903t
Mammary region, 23, 25f
Mammatropes, 494
Mammillary bodies, 407
Mammogram, 864, 865
Mandible,
39,
206, 208, 209f, 210f, 214,
215f, 216, 218f,
252,
255,
341,
663f
Mandibular condyle, 210f, 214,
252
Mandibular division, 415
Mandibular foramen, 214, 217t,
252
Mandibular fossa, 210, 211f,
248–50,
253
Mandibular ramus,
252
Manganese, 52t, 721, 723t
Mania, 373t
Manometer, 388
Manubrium, 224
Maple syrup urine disease, 803
Marasmus, 726, 727f
Maraviroc, 76
Marburg virus, 523
Marfan syndrome, 157t, 581, 608, 924
Marginal artery, 561
Marijuana, 444
Marshall, Barry, 668
Massachusetts Superior Court, 876
Masseter, 305f, 307–308,
341,
346
Mass movements, 689
Mast cells, 155, 156t, 635
Mastectomy, 865
Mastication, 307–308, 656
Mastitis, 830
Mastoid foramen, 211f.
See also
Stylomastoid foramen
Mastoid fontanel, 218f
Mastoiditis, 210
Mastoid process, 210, 215f, 234t,
246,
250,
253,
341
Maternal serum markers, 933t
Matter, structure of, 51–60
Mature follicle, 849
Maturity-onset diabetes of the young
(MODY), 510
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