995
INDEX
L
Labia majora, 848f, 855, 857t
Labia minora, 830, 848f, 855, 857t
Labor, and childbirth, 900
Laboratory tests, of clinical importance.
See
also
Genetic tests; Prenatal tests
blood, 940–42
urine, 943
Labrum, 260
Labyrinth, 437, 453
Lacrimal apparatus, 463–64
Lacrimal bones, 209f, 210f, 214, 216t,
246–48
Lacrimal gland, 306, 437, 463
Lacrimal sac, 463
Lactase, 682–83
Lacteal, 681
Lactic acid, 121, 122, 941
Lactic acid threshold, 295
Lactic dehydrogenase, 941
Lactobacillus
strains, 652
Lactose, 684, 690, 701
Lactose intolerance, 684, 690
Lacunae, 158, 195, 875, 885
Lambdoid suture, 208, 210f, 211f, 215f,
246
Lamellae, 160, 192
Lamellated corpuscles, 440, 446t
Laminectomy, 225
Landsteiner, Karl, 544
Lanugo, 875
Laparoscopy, 861
Large calorie, 706
Large intestine,
44,
653f, 686–90, 691, 834f
Laryngopharynx, 663, 738f
Larynx,
32,
35,
39,
46,
207f, 663f, 664, 738f,
740–41, 744f, 747t, 754
Latent period, 284, 296
Lateral, as term of relative position, 21
Lateral border, 226
Lateral canal, 460
Lateral condyle, 235, 236f, 277f
Lateral cuneiform, 237f
Lateral curvature, 225
Lateral epicondyle, 229f, 236f,
273,
342,
344
Lateral funiculus, 390f
Lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), 407
Lateral horn, 389
Lateral malleolus, 236,
345
Lateral meniscus, 277f
Lateral pterygoid, 211f, 307, 308
Lateral rectus muscle,
42,
415, 464, 465
Lateral spinothalamic tract, 395
Lateral sulcus, 399, 400f
Lateral ventricles,
38,
42,
385, 386f
Latissimus dorsi muscle,
32
33,
306f, 311f,
314t, 315,
342,
347–49
Laughing, 754, 755t
Learning, and PET imaging, 71f
Leeches, 543
Leeuwenhoek, Anton van, 836
Left anterior descending artery, 561.
See
also
Interventricular artery
Left hemisphere, 403, 404
Left lower quadrant (LLQ), of abdomen,
22, 24f
Isograft, 641
Isoleucine, 135t, 705t
Isometric muscle contraction, 298–99
Isotonic glucose, 813
Isotonic muscle contraction, 284, 298, 299f
Isotonic solution, 75, 94, 95f
Isotope, 50, 52–53
Isotretinoin, 181, 897
Isthmus, 499
J
Jacobs syndrome, 929
Jaundice, 176, 177, 676
Jaw angle, 234t
Jejunum,
35,
680
Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, 375
Joint(s).
See also
Skeletal system; Synovial
joints
classiF
cation of, 261–63
disorders of, 278
life-span changes, 278–80
replacement of, 276
types of movements, 267–70
Joint capsule, 264, 276
Joint disorders, 278
Joint refl
ex, 760
Joint replacement, 276
Jugular foramen, 210, 211f, 213f, 215f, 217t,
249–51, 256,
257
Jugular notch, 224f,
343
Jugular trunk, 618, 619f
Jugular veins,
43,
46
47,
593, 602, 603f,
607f, 619f
external,
33
internal,
32
33,
36
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, 279t
Juxtaglomerular apparatus, 782, 784
Juxtaglomerular cells, 782, 784
Juxtamedullary nephron, 774, 784,
785f, 786f
K
Kaposi sarcoma, 642
Karyokinesis, 101
Karyotype, 916, 918, 920f
Kawasaki disease, 279t
Kennedy, John ±., 509
Keratin, 147–48, 170
Keratinization, 148, 173
α
-Ketoglutaric acid, 946f
Ketone bodies, 703
Ketonuria, 810
Kidney(s),
36, 44
45,
704, 776–85, 803,
825, 911t
Kidney stone, 799
Kilocalorie, 706
Klinefelter syndrome, 929
Knee joint, 270t, 274, 276–77, 278,
280f,
344
Köhler, Georges, 636
Korotkoff’s sound, 583
Kupffer cells, 604, 673
Kwashiorkor, 726, 727f
Kyphosis, 225
Intertarsal joint, 270t
Intertubercular groove, 229f
Interventricular arteries
anterior, 561
posterior, 561, 562f
Interventricular foramina, 385, 386f
Interventricular septum, 555, 559f
Interventricular sulci, 556
Intervertebral discs,
37,
40
41,
192, 206,
218, 219f
Intervertebral foramen, 219f, 220, 420
Intervertebral joint, 270t
Intestinal gas, 689
Intestinal gastrin, 678t
Intestinal glands, 681–82
Intestinal lipase, 683
Intestinal phase, of gastric secretion, 669
Intestinal somatostatin, 669
Intestinal trunk, 617, 619f
Intestinal villi, 681
Intracellular fl
uid, 810, 812
Intracellular fl
uid compartment, 811
Intracranial pressure (ICP), 388
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection
(ICSI), 879
Intradermal injections, 173
Intralobular bronchioles, 743
Intramembranous bones, 192, 197
Intramembranous ossiF
cation, 197, 198t
Intramuscular injections, 173
Intrauterine devices (IUD), 866
Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR), 897
Intravascular oxygenator, 746
Intrinsic clotting mechanism, 539, 540–41
Intrinsic factor, 528, 668, 715
Inulin, 798
Inulin clearance test, 798
Inversion, of joint, 269
Invertor, and leg muscles, 334
In vitro
fertilization, 831, 841, 878–79, 883
Involution, and childbirth, 902
Iodide pump, 500
Iodine, 52t, 54, 722, 723t
Iodopsins, 475
Ion(s).
See also
Ammonium; Calcium;
Carbonate; Chloride; Hydrogen;
Phosphate; Sodium; Sulfate
bonding of atoms, 55
cell membrane potential, 365
channels, 82
deF
nition, 51t
inorganic substances, 62t
Ionic bonds, 55
Ionizing radiation, 56
Ipsilateral, as term of relative
position, 21
Iris, of eye, 430t, 437, 467, 926
Iron, 52t, 528, 720–21, 723t
Iron-binding capacity, 941
Iron deF
ciency anemia, 529t
Irregular bones, 193, 194f
Ischial spine, 232f, 233
Ischial tuberosity, 232f, 233,
343
Ischiocavernosus muscle, 322, 323t
Ischiofemoral ligament, 274, 275f
Ischium, 232f, 233, 275f
Isocritic acid, 946f
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