993
INDEX
Hydroxyapatite, 203
Hydroxycholecalciferol, 503, 711
17-Hydroxycorticosteroids, 943
Hydroxyurea, 527
Hygiene hypothesis, 756
Hymen, 854
Hyoid bone, 205t, 206, 207f, 664, 738f, 741f
Hypercalcemia, 503, 573, 818
Hyperextension, 267, 269
Hypergeusia, 450t
Hypericin, 725
Hyperkalemia, 573, 820
Hypermobility syndrome, 263
Hypernatremia, 820
Hyperosmia, 450t
Hyperoxia, 760
Hyperparathyroidism, 504t, 818
Hyperpolarized membrane, 368
Hypersensitivities, 639
Hypersomnia, 373t
Hypertension, 588.
See also
Blood pressure
Hyperthermia, 182, 184
Hyperthyroidism, 482, 501t
Hypertonic solution, 75, 94, 95f
Hypertrophic pyloric stenosis, 666
Hypertrophy, 284, 300
Hyperventilation, 758, 759, 825
Hypervitaminosis, 710, 712
Hypocalcemia, 503
Hypochondriac region, 22, 24f
Hypodermic injections, 173
Hypogastric region, 22, 24f
Hypogeusia, 450t
Hypoglossal branch, 417
Hypoglossal canal, 215f, 217t
Hypoglycemia, 509, 510
Hypokalemia, 820
Hyponatremia, 726, 816, 820
Hypoparathyroidism, 504t
Hypophyseal portal veins, 493
Hypopituitary dwarF
sm, 497
Hypoproteinemia, 810, 816–17
Hyposmia, 450t
Hypothalamus
diencephalon, 405
female reproductive functions, 857, 858
homeostasis, 9–10, 183f
hormones secreted by, 487t, 492, 496
male reproductive functions, 845,
846, 847f
pituitary gland, 493f
regulatory functions, 407
stress response, 514
Hypothermia, 182, 183f
Hypothyroidism, 501t
Hypotonic solution, 75, 94, 95f
Hypoxia, 526, 763
Hypoxia-inducible factor (HI±-1), 574
Hysterosalpingogram, 861
H zones, 287, 288
I
I bands, 287
Identical twins, 880
Idiotypes, 634
Ileocecal sphincter, 686
Hormone replacement therapy;
Steroid hormones
acne, 181
actions of, 485–91
bone growth and development, 201
chemistry, 484–85
control of secretions, 491–92
deF
nition, 16, 482, 483
digestive tract, 678t
female reproductive functions, 857–61
male reproductive functions, 845–46
mammary glands, 903t
pregnancy, 883–84, 885t
smooth muscle contraction, 301
Hormone-receptor complex, 485
Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), 861
Horseshoe kidney, 802t
“Hot fl
ashes,” 860–61
Human(s)
evolution, 193
genome, 917
life span, 910–11
major elements in body, 52t
organization of body, 12–19
pheromones, 483
skin color, 174, 176
Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), 882,
883, 884, 885t
Human genome project, 136
Human growth hormone (HGH), 497.
See
also
Growth hormone
Human immunodeF
ciency virus (HIV), 76,
98, 99f, 626, 638, 642–43, 644, 869.
See also
Acquired immune deF
ciency
syndrome
Human leukocyte antigens (HLA), 630
Human menopausal gonadotropin
(hMG), 861
Human Metabolome Database, 139
Human Oral Microbiome Database, 652
Human papilloma virus (HPV), 869
Humerus,
34,
206, 226, 227f, 228f, 229f,
231t, 272f,
273,
314f, 315
Humoral immune response, 632–33
Humoral immunity, 616
Hunter-gatherers, 3
Huntington disease (HD), 363, 373t,
922, 923
Hyaline cartilage, 143, 160, 162t
Hybrid F
xator, 203
Hybridoma, 636
Hydrocephalus, 388
Hydrochloric acid, 668t, 669
Hydrogen
acid-base balance, 60t, 793, 819–24
atomic structure, 53t, 55f
chemical constituents of cells, 60t, 62t
elemental composition of human
body, 52t
tubular secretion, 793
Hydrogenation, of unsaturated fat, 63
Hydrogen bond, 57–58, 948f
Hydrogen carriers, 944–45, 946f
Hydrolysis, 116, 125f, 702, 820
Hydrophilic molecules, 68
Hydrostatic pressure, 8, 578, 789, 812–13
Hydroxide ions, 820
red blood cells, 526
structural formula, 531f
urine tests, 943
Hemolytic anemia, 529t, 642t
Hemolytic jaundice, 676
Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), 790
Hemophilia, 548t, 928
Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn, 713
Hemorrhoids, 688
Hemostasis, 522, 538–43
Hensel, Abby and Brittany, 900
Heparin, 155, 522, 532, 542–43
Hepatic arteries, 592, 594f
Hepatic cells, 673
Hepatic coma, 675
Hepatic ducts, 672f, 673, 674f
Hepatic gland, 651
Hepatic lobules, 673
Hepatic portal system, 603
Hepatic portal vein, 603, 673, 674f, 898f
Hepatic sinusoids, 603, 673, 675f
Hepatic veins, 604, 607f
Hepatitis, 677
Hepatopancreatic ampulla, 671
Hepatopancreatic sphincter, 671
HERC2
gene, 926
Herd immunity, 638
Hereditary hemochromatosis, 548t
Hereditary osteoarthritis, 157t
Hernia
hiatal, 665
indirect inguinal, 835
strangulated, 835
Herniated disc, 225
Heroin, 375, 904t
Heterogeneity, genetic, 924
Heterozygous chromosomes, 916, 919
Hiatal hernia, 665
Hiccups, 745, 755t
High altitude, and breathing, 763
High-density lipoprotein (HDL), 684–85,
703, 940
Hilum, 621, 747, 776
Hindbrain, 398, 400t
Hinge joint, 266, 267t
Hip bone,
45,
231–33, 238t
Hip fracture, 204, 240
Hip joint, 270t, 274, 275f
Hippocampus, 404
Hippocrates, 797, 803
Hirschsprung disease, 690
Histamine, 155, 373t, 532, 579, 639, 668
Histidine, 135t, 705t
Histology, 24, 143, 144
Histones, 127, 128f
History, of study of human body, 3.
See also
Egypt; Greece
HIV.
See
Human immunodeF
ciency virus
Holocrine glands, 150, 152f, 153t, 170
Homeostasis, 1, 8–12, 19f, 183f, 200
Homeostatic mechanisms, 9–11, 12
Homologous chromosomes, 832, 916, 919
Homo sapiens idaltu,
193
Hookworm, 534t
Horizontal cells, 469
Hormone(s).
See also
Androgens; Endocrine
system; Estrogens; Growth hormone;
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