992
INDEX
of rib, 223
skeletal structures and use of term, 208t
sperm cell, 837
surface anatomy,
341
of ulna, 229, 230f
veins, 602
Hearing, sense of, 450–58, 476–77, 459.
See
also
Deafness
Heart,
34,
38,
43,
46.
See also
Cardiovascular system; Heart disease
aging, 609, 611
blood pressure, 582–83
blood supply to, 561–63, 593f
cardiac conduction system, 565–67
cardiac cycle, 564, 568–72
cardiac muscle F
bers, 565
chambers and valves, 555–57
coverings of, 554
electrocardiogram, 568, 569–70f
failure, 154
path of blood through, 560–61
size and location of, 553–54
skeleton of, 559f, 560
sounds of, 564–65
tissue engineering, 166
transplant, 566
wall of, 555, 557t
Heartbeat, 564.
See also
Heart rate
Heartburn, 670
Heart disease, 574, 609, 911t.
See also
Cardiovascular disease
Heart failure, 154
Heart rate, 590.
See also
Heartbeat; Pulse
Heat
body temperature regulation, 181–82
muscles and production of, 296
requirements for life, 7, 9t
Heatstroke, 811
Heavy chains (H–chains), 634
Heavy metals, 530
Height
age-related loss of, 238, 280
genetic and environmental factors,
925f, 926
Helicobacter pylori,
668
Helium, 53t, 55f
Helper T cells, 630, 631f
Hematocrit (HCT), 522, 523, 524f, 940
Hematology, 24
Hematoma, 203f
Hematopoietic growth factors, 526
Hematopoietic stem cells, 524, 525f, 526
Hematopoiesis, 192, 202
Heme, 531f
Hemiazygos veins, 603
Hemicellulose, 701
Hemispheric dominance, in brain, 403–404
Hemizygous gene, 928
Hemochromatosis, 717
Hemodialysis, 777, 779
Hemoglobin
blood tests, 941
deF
nition, 522, 735
fetal circulation, 897
iron, 720
oxygen transport, 762–63
protein buffer system, 822
G protein, 488
Gracilis muscle,
34
37,
305f, 306f, 324f, 325,
326f, 327t, 331f,
350
Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), 641, 643
Granulations, 183
Granulocyte(s), 530, 535t
Granulocyte colony stimulating factor
(G-CS±), 104
Granulosa cells, 849, 851f
Grapheme-color type synesthesia, 447
Graves disease, 501t, 502f, 642t
Gravity, 585
Gray commissure, 389, 390f
Gray matter, in brain,
42,
358, 390f, 391f
Gray rami, 426
Greater omentum,
33,
38,
48,
681
Greater palatine foramen, 211f, 217t,
249, 251
Greater pelvis, 233
Greater sciatic notch, 232f, 233
Greater trochanter, 236f, 275f
Greater tubercle, 226, 229f
Greater wing, of sphenoid bone, 211f,
254
Greater trochanter, 236f
Greece (ancient), and diabetes, 513.
See
also
Aristotle; Hippocrates
Greenstick fracture, 202f
Grollman, Arthur, 775
Ground substance, 153
Growth.
See also
Development
characteristics of life, 8t
deF nition, 876
epiphyseal plate, 198–200
Growth factors, 104, 183
Growth hormone (GH), 201, 487t, 489, 492,
494, 497, 499t, 515.
See also
Human
growth hormone
Growth hormone-releasing hormone
(GHRH), 487t, 494
Guanine, 128f, 948f, 949f
Gubernaculum, 830, 833
Gynecology, 24
Gyrus, 398, 399f, 400f
H
Hageman factor, 540, 541t
Hair cells, 455, 457f
Hair follicle, 170, 178–79
Hair loss, 179
Hair shaft, 178
Hairy cell leukemia, 534t
Hamate, 230f
Hamstring muscles, 328t,
343
Hand, 228f, 229–31, 316–20,
344,
350
Haploid cell, 831
Hapten, 628
Hard palate, 212, 657, 664f, 738f
Harvard University, 354, 816
Hashimoto disease, 501t
Haversian canals, 160
Head,
346.
See also
Skull
arteries, 595f, 596–97
of femur, 236f
of F
bula, 236
muscles, 307f, 308, 310
of radius, 228, 230f
Glenoid labrum, 271, 272f
Gliding joints, 266
Global Polio Eradication Initiative, 290
Globulins, 535, 536t, 940
Globus pallidus, 404
Glomerular capillary pressure, 788
Glomerular capsule, 781, 783f, 786f, 797t
Glomerular F
ltrate, 786, 788
Glomerular F
ltration, 785–88, 794
Glomerular F
ltration rate (G±R),
788–90, 803
Glomerulonephritis, 642t, 782, 817
Glomerulus, 774, 779, 781, 783f, 797t
Glossopharyngeal nerves, 416, 417t
Glottis, 741
Glucagon, 487t, 491, 509–10, 511t
Glucocorticoid, 507
Glucokinase, 510
Gluconeogenesis, 701, 704
Glucosamine, 261
Glucose
aerobic respiration, 125f, 819
anaerobic respiration, 819
blood tests, 940
diffusion into cell, 93
homeostatic mechanism, 10–11
metabolic pathways, 124
molecular structure, 69f
nutrition, 701
oxygen debt, 295
structural formulas, 63f
urine, 788t, 792, 798
Glucose-6-phosphate, 945f
Glucosuria, 792
Glutamate, 373t
Glutamic acid, 135t, 705t
Glutamine, 135t, 705t
Gluteal arteries, 598, 599f
Gluteal nerves, 423
Gluteal region, 23, 25f
Gluteal tuberosity, 236f
Gluteal veins, 605
Gluten, 686
Gluteus maximus muscle,
45,
306f, 322f,
323, 325f, 326f, 327t,
343,
348,
351
Gluteus medius muscle,
37,
323, 325f, 326f
Gluteus minimus muscle, 323, 327t
Glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, 945, 946f
Glycerol, 63, 115–16, 685f, 686t
Glycine, 69f, 135t, 705t
Glycogen, 50, 62
Glycolysis, 120, 121f, 944
Glycoproteins, 485, 487t, 617
GM1 ganglioside, 397
Goblet cells, 146
Goiter, 496, 501t, 502f
Golgi apparatus, 83, 85f, 91t
Golgi tendon organs, 444–45, 446t
Gomphosis, 262, 267t
Gonadal arteries, 593, 594f, 601f
Gonadal veins, 604, 607f
Gonadotropes, 494
Gonadotropin(s), 489, 497, 845
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH),
487t, 497, 845, 846, 858
Gonorrhea, 867t
Gout, 279t, 797
previous page 1022 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 1024 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off