991
INDEX
Gastrocnemius muscle, 277f, 305f, 306f,
326f, 329f, 330f, 331f, 332t,
344
45,
352
Gastroenterology, 24
Gastrula, 885, 886t
Gastrulation, 885
Gated channels, 366
Gender, and phenotype, 928.
See also
Female; Male
Gene(s), 125, 633.
See also
Chromosomes;
DNA; Genetic(s); RNA
Gene expression, 125, 924, 933–34
Gene expression pro±
ling, 865, 933, 934
General Accounting Of± ce (U.S.), 917
General senses, 438, 440–46
General stress syndrome, 514, 515t
Gene therapy, 922.
See also
Genetic
disorders; Genetic tests
Genetic(s).
See also
Chromosomes; DNA;
Gene(s); Gene expression; Genome;
Genomic(s); RNA
aging, 20
anatomy and physiology, 933–34
cellular metabolism, 125–27
de±
nition, 916, 917
expression of single genes, 924
hair and skin pigmentation, 179
human life span, 910
modes of inheritance, 918–22
multifactorial traits, 924–26
obesity, 711
sex chromosomes and sex
determination, 927–28
Genetic code, 124, 130, 132
Genetic disorders, 929–33.
See also
Gene
therapy
Genetic heterogeneity, 924
Genetic information, 135–38
Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act
(2008), 917
Genetic tests, 51, 656, 865, 917.
See also
Genetic disorders; Gene therapy;
Laboratory tests
Genicular arteries, 598, 600f
Genital herpes, 867t
Genital region, 23, 25f
Genital warts, 867t, 869
Genome, 125, 139, 917
Genomic(s), 918
Genomic imprinting, 928
Genotype, 920
George III (King of England), 530
Geophagy, 722
Geriatrics, 24
Germinal epithelium, 830
Gerontology, 24
Ghrelin, 700
GI camera, 654
Gigantism, 497.
See also
Pituitary gigantism
Gingko biloba, 725
Glandular epithelium, 150, 152, 153t
Glans penis, 834f, 843
Glatiramer, 360
Glaucoma, 477
Gleevec, 536, 537
Glenohumeral ligaments, 270t, 271, 272f
Glenoid cavity, 192, 226, 227f, 260, 272f
Fourth ventricle, 385, 386f, 387f, 408f
Fovea, de±
nition, 208t
Fovea capitis, 192, 236f, 260, 274
Fovea centralis, 469, 473
Fox, Michael J., 406
Fox P2 function, 404
Fractures, of bone, 202–203, 204, 240
“Fragility fracture,” 204
Frank-Starling law of the heart, 586
Fraternal twins, 880
Free nerve endings, 440, 446t
Free radicals, 710, 909
Free (apical) surface, 144
Frenulum, 651
“Frequency combs,” 762
Frontal bone,
39,
208, 209f, 210t, 211f, 213f,
215f, 218f,
245–48, 253, 255–57,
341,
738
Frontal eye ±
eld, 402
Frontalis muscle, 305f, 306,
346
Frontal lobe,
42,
399, 400f, 401f, 402, 403t
Frontal plane, 22, 23f
Frontal region, 23, 25f
Frontal sinus,
39,
42,
208, 213f, 214f, 215f,
255,
738f
Frontal suture, 216, 218f,
258
Fructose, 701, 840, 944, 945f
Full-thickness burn, 186
Fulminant hepatitis, 677
Fumaric acid, 946f
Functional residual capacity (FRC),
753, 754t
Functional syncytium, 565
Fundus. 665–66, 667f, 854
Funiculus, 382
G
GABA, 373t
Gage, Phineas, 383
GAIT (Glucosamine/Chondroitin Arthritis
Intervention Trial), 261
Galactose, 701
Gallbladder,
33
35,
45,
604f, 653f, 672,
674f, 677–78, 679
Gallium-67, 54
Gallstones, 678
Gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT), 879
Gamma globulins, 535, 536t, 634
Gamma radiation, 53, 56
Ganglion (ganglia), 360, 363, 382, 414
Ganglion cells, 469
Gap junctions, 144, 146t
Gardasil, 869
Gas transport, and respiratory system,
762–67
Gastric arteries, 592, 594f
Gastric bypass surgery, 513, 711
Gastric folds, 666f, 667f
Gastric glands, 651, 666, 667f
Gastric juice, 666, 668t
Gastric lipase, 668, 683t
Gastric pits, 666, 667f
Gastric secretions, 666–69
Gastric veins, 603, 604f
Gastrin, 668, 678t
Gastritis, 668
First line of defense, 626, 823
First polar body, 849, 850f, 880f
Fissure, 208t, 398
Fissured fracture, 202f
Fixed cells, 153
Flaccid paralysis, 382, 397
Flagella, 87, 88, 91t
Flared ilium, 233f
Flat bones, 193, 194f
Flavine adenine dinucleotide.
See
FAD
Flavoproteins, 714
Flexion, 267, 305
Flexor carpi radialis, 317f, 318, 319t,
344
Flexor carpi ulnaris, 317f, 318–19,
344
Flexor digitorum, 319, 331f, 332
Flexor muscles, 316, 317f, 318–19, 326, 328
Flexor retinaculum, 317f, 331f, 334
Floaters, in eye, 477
Floating ribs, 223
Fluid compartments, 811
Fluoride, 661
Fluorine, 52t, 53t, 70, 722, 723t
Folic acid (folacin), 715–16, 717t
Folinic acid, 716
Follicle(s), 853f.
See also
Primordial follicle
maturation, 849, 851
ovarian, 830
thyroid gland, 499
Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), 487t,
491, 492, 497, 499t, 845, 859t
Follicular cells, 637, 847, 853f
Fomix, 848f
Fontanel, 208t, 216, 218f, 262
Food.
See also
Diet; Food poisoning; Food
pyramids; Nutrients; Nutrition
energy values of, 706–707
requirements for life, 7, 9t
Food and Drug Administration (FDA),
725, 726
Food poisoning, 790
Food pyramids, 722–23, 724f
Foot, 236–38, 328, 330, 332, 334,
345
Foramen, de±
nition, 208t.
See also
Infraorbital foramen; Jugular
foramen; Mandibular foramen;
Mastoid foramen; Vertebral foramen
Foramen lacerum, 211f, 213f, 217t,
249–51,
256
57
Foramen magnum, 208, 211f, 213f, 215f,
217t,
249–51, 253, 256
57,
389f
Foramen ovale, 211f, 213f, 217t,
249–51,
254, 256
57,
897, 898f, 899t, 906t
Foramen rotundum, 211f, 213f, 217t,
254,
257
Foramen spinosum, 211f, 213f, 217t,
249–
51, 254, 256
57
Forearm, 316, 317f, 319f,
344,
350
Forebrain, 398, 400t
Forehead, 234t
Forensics, and DNA pro±
ling, 130
Fornix, 399f, 854
Forti±
ed nutrients, 712
Fossa, de±
nition, 208t.
See also
Coronoid
fossa; Iliac fossa; Incisive fossa;
Infraspinous fossa; Mandibular fossa;
Supraspinous fossa
Fossa ovalis, 905
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