990
INDEX
differences in male skeleton, 234t
pelvis, 233f, 234, 322f
reproductive system, 18, 846–61
urinary bladder and urethra, 801f
Femopatellar joint, 270t
Femoral arteries,
32
33,
35,
45,
350,
598,
599f, 600–601f
Femoral nerves,
32
34,
423
Femoral region, 23, 25f
Femoral vein,
31
33,
35,
45,
350,
604,
606f, 607f
Femur,
37,
45,
206, 234, 235f, 238t, 240,
275f, 277f
Ferritin, 530, 675, 940
Fertilization, 876, 877–78.
See also
In vitro
fertilization; Infertility
Fetal alcohol syndrome, 896, 897
Fetal cell sorting, 932–33
Fetal stage, of development, 892–94
Fetus.
See also
Development; Embyro;
Pregnancy
birth process, 899–902
blood and circulation, 895, 897–98, 899f
cocaine exposure, 837
lymphocytes, 628
medical treatments, 895
ovaries, 847
pituitary gland, 493
prenatal tests for chromosome
abnormalities, 931–33
skull,
258
spleen, 624
testes, 834f
Fever, 184, 628
Fiberoptic bronchoscope, 745
Fiber-optic endoscope, 679
Fibrillation, 572
Fibrinogen, 535, 536t, 541t
Fibrinolysin, 522
Fibrin-stabilizing factor, 541t
Fibrin threads, 543t
Fibroblasts, 108, 153, 156t, 157f, 165f, 541
Fibrocartilage, 160, 161f, 162t, 203, 264f
Fibrocystic breast disease, 865
Fibrosis, 154
Fibrous coat, 798
Fibrous joints, 261–62, 267t, 279
Fibrous layer, of vagina, 855
Fibrous pericardium, 12,
48,
554
Fibrous tunic, 465
Fibula, 206, 235f, 236, 238t,
344
Fibular artery, 599, 600–601f
Fibular collateral ligament, 276, 277f
Fibularis brevis muscle, 329f, 330f, 331f,
352
Fibularis longus muscle, 305f, 329f, 330f,
331f, 332t, 334,
344,
351–52
Fibularis retinacula muscle, 330f, 331f, 334
Fibularis tertius muscle, 328, 329f,
330f, 332t
Fibular veins, 606f
“Fight or fl
ight” response, 506, 514
Filtration, and diffusion or osmosis, 94, 100t
Filum terminale, 387f, 388f, 389
Fimbriae, 830, 848f, 849f, 852, 853f
Fingerprints, 177.
See also
DNA
±
ngerprinting
First-degree burn, 184
Exteroreceptive senses, 440
Extracellular fl uid, 9, 10f, 810, 812, 820
Extracellular fl
uid compartment, 811
Extracellular matrix (ECM), 153, 154
Extracorporeal liver assist device (ELAD), 676
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, 746
Extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy
(ESWL), 799
Extrafollicular cells (C cells), 499
Extrapyramidal tracts, 395
Extremophiles, 119
Extrinsic clotting mechanism, 539, 540f, 541t
Extrinsic muscles, 464–65
Eye,
42,
209f, 926.
See also
Iris; Sight
Eyelid, 462
F
Facet, 208t
Facial artery, 595f, 596f, 597
Facial bones, 206, 209f
Facial expression, 305–307
Facial nerves, 415, 417t
Facial skeleton, 212–16
Facial vein, 602f, 607f
Facilitated diffusion, 92–93, 94f, 100t
Facilitation, and neuronal pools, 375
Factor V Leiden, 548t
FAD, 714, 944
FADH
2
, 945, 946f
Fainting, 759
Falciform ligament,
33,
48,
673
Falls, by elderly, 240, 280
False ribs, 223, 224f
False vocal cords, 741
Falx cerebelli,
42,
384t, 410
Falx cerebri,
42,
384t, 398
Familial amyloidosis, 567
Familial hypercholesterolemia, 608, 922
Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, 608
Famine, 725
Fanconi anemia, 883
Farsightedness, 472
Fascia, 285, 286f, 287
Fascicles, 284, 286
Fasciculus cuneatus, 394, 395f, 396t, 401
Fasciculus gracilis, 394, 396t
Fast-twitch muscle ±
bers, 299
Fat(s), 65f, 126f, 684, 685f.
See also
Fatty
acid(s)
Fatal familial insomnia, 409t, 723
Fat globules, 678
Fatigue, of muscles, 296
Fat-soluble vitamins, 709–12, 713t
Fatty acid(s)
acid-base balance, 819
anabolism, 115–16
carbohydrate use, 701
chemistry, 65f, 69f
de± nition, 63, 64f
intestinal absorption, 684, 685f, 686t
Fatty acid oxidases, 702–703
Feces, 690, 814
Federation of International Football
Associations, 763
Female.
See also
Gender; Pregnancy
age-related bone loss, 240
Esophagus,
36
37,
39
40,
43
44,
47,
653f,
663f, 665, 666f, 738f
Essential amino acids, 705
Essential fatty acids, 703
Essential hypertension, 588
Essential nutrients, 699
Estradiol, 857, 884
Estriol, 857
Estrogen(s), 201, 497, 508, 857, 858, 859t,
861, 865, 884
Estrogen replacement therapy (ERT), 861
Estrone, 857
Ethanol, 904t
Ethiopia, and human evolution, 193
Ethmoidal sinus,
42,
212, 214f,
253,
255
Ethmoid bone, 209f, 210t, 212, 213f, 215f,
245–47, 253, 255–57,
738
Eukaryotic cells, 76
Eumelanin, 178, 179
Evaporation, 182, 814
Eversion, 269
Evertor, and leg muscles, 334
Evolution
allergies, 639
fossilized skulls, 193
mitochondrial DNA, 84
Neanderthals, 179
pregnancy and “morning sickness,” 885
Exchange reaction, 58
Excitation contraction coupling, 291
Excitatory postsynaptic potential (EPSP), 371
Excretion.
See also
Urinary system; Urine
characteristics of life, 8t
organ systems, 17–18
Excretory system, 18.
See also
Urinary
system
Exercise.
See also
Athletes and athletic
performance
breathing, 760
cardiovascular system, 590, 611
energy expenditure, 707t
joints, 280
muscular system, 300, 334
obesity, 711
osteoporosis, 204
Exocrine glands, 150, 151f, 152t, 482,
483, 484f
Exocytosis, 98, 99f, 100t
Expiration, 747, 751–52
Expiratory reserve volume (ERV), 752, 754t
Extension, 267, 305
Extensor carpi radialis brevis muscle,
350
Extensor carpi radialis longus muscle, 317f,
318f, 319t, 320,
342,
350
Extensor carpi ulnaris muscle,
350
Extensor digitorum muscles, 305, 318f,
319t, 320, 328, 329f, 330f, 332t,
342,
344
45,
350
Extensor hallucis longus muscle, 329f, 330,
332t, 334
Extensor muscles, 315, 316, 320, 328
Extensor retinaculum muscle, 318f, 320,
329f, 330f, 334,
350
External acoustic meatus, 210, 211f,
253,
450
External anal sphincter, 320, 322f
External respiration, 736
External urethral ori± ce, 801, 802, 843
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