988
INDEX
Dipeptide, 116, 117f
Diplopia, 465
Disaccharides, 50, 62, 63f, 684f, 700
Disease.
See also
Cancer; Genetic disorders;
Infection; Medical science; Viruses
genetic mutations, 136–37
stem cells, 108
Dislocation, of shoulder, 272
Dissecting aneurysm, 581
Disseminated intravascular clotting, 539
Distal, as term of relative position, 21
Distal convoluted tubule, 780f, 781, 783f,
786f, 797t
Distal phalanx, 230f, 237f,
344–45
Diuresis, 792
Diuretics, 82t, 482, 489t, 498, 588, 796, 815
Divergence, of nerve impulses, 376
Diverticulosis, 691
DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid).
See also
Genetic(s)
cellular metabolism, 124, 125–27
deF
nition, 68
RNA compared to, 133t
structure, 128f, 129f, 948–49
DNA chips, 546
DNA damage response, 137
DNA microarrays, 537, 933–34
DNA polymerase, 132
DNA proF
ling, 130
DNA tests, 917
Dogs, and sense of smell, 446
Dominant follicle, 849
Dominant inheritance, 920–22, 923
Dopa, 505
Dopamine, 373t, 404, 406
Dorsal arch vein, 602f
Dorsal branch, 420
Dorsal fl
exors, 328, 330
Dorsalis pedis artery, 599, 600f
Dorsalis pedis vein, 606f
Dorsal position, 1
Dorsal respiratory group, 756–57
Dorsal root, 419, 420f
Dorsal root ganglion, 419, 420f
Dorsal scapular nerve, 421
Dorsifl
exion, 269
Dorsum region, 23, 25f
Double vision, 465
Down, John Langdon Haydon, 931
Down-regulation, of hormones, 485
Down syndrome, 884, 929, 931
Doxorubicin, 904t
Drug(s).
See also
ACE inhibitors;
Antibiotics; Diuretics; Nonsteroidal
anti-infl ammatory drugs; Selective
serotonin reuptake inhibitors; Tricylic
antidepressants
addiction, 377, 886
delivery through skin, 173
derived from plants, 115
immunosuppressive, 641
nanotechnology, 145
obesity and diet drugs, 711
smell and taste disorders, 451
Drug abuse, 886.
See also
Alcoholism;
Cocaine; Heroin; Marijuana
Dual reuptake inhibitors, 374t
maturity-onset diabetes of the young
(MODY), 510
Diabetic retinopathy, 477
Diacylglycerol (DAG), 491
Diagnostic Mabkits, 636–37
Diapedesis, 533
Diaphragm
birth control, 863, 866t
respiratory system, 12,
33
37,
40,
44
49,
555f, 665f, 750–51
Diarrhea, 686, 825
Diarthrotic joints, 261, 267t
Diastole, 564
Diastolic pressure, 552, 580, 583
Diencephalon, 398, 399f, 400t, 404–405,
407, 408f, 412t
Diet.
See also
Nutrition
acid-base balance, 823
blood vessel disorders, 581
calories, 707–708
carbohydrates, 702, 706t
endurance athletes, 699, 726
healthy eating, 722–28
lipids, 703–704, 706t
obesity, 711
pregnancy, 884, 885
proteins, 705, 706, 823
red blood cell production, 528–29
vegetarian, 699t
vitamins, 713t
Dietary supplements, 722, 725, 726
Diet drugs, 711
Differential white blood cell count (DI±±),
533–34, 942
Differentiated cells, 76, 105
Diffusion, 90, 92–93, 578, 760–62
Diffusional equilibrium, 92
Digestion, 8t, 652
Digestive system
alimentary canal, 652–56
autonomic stimulation, 430t
cardiovascular system, 610, 692
endocrine system, 516
esophagus, 665
hormones, 678t
integumentary system, 188, 692
large intestine, 686–90
life-span changes, 690, 693, 908t
liver, 673–78
lymphatic system, 645, 692
major functions of, 8t, 18f
mouth, 656–60
muscular system, 333, 692
nervous system, 378, 692
pancreas, 671–72
pharynx, 661, 663–64
reproductive system, 692, 868
respiratory system, 692, 768
salivary glands, 660–61
skeletal system, 239, 692
small intestine, 678–86
stomach, 665–71
urinary system, 692, 804
Digital artery, 597f
Digital region, 23, 25f
Dihydrotestosterone, 846
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate, 945f
Deciduous teeth, 651
Decomposition, and chemical reactions, 58
Decubitus ulcer, 173
Deep, as term of relative position, 21
Deep fascia, 287
Deep partial-thickness burn, 184
Deep vein thrombosis, 543
Defecation, 690
Defensins, 626–27
DeF brillators, 553
Dehydration, 810, 816
Dehydration synthesis, 115, 117f
Dehydrocholesterol, 200
Delayed-reaction allergy, 641
Delta waves, 411
Deltoid muscle,
31
32,
304, 305, 306f, 311f,
312f, 313f, 314t, 315,
342
43,
347–48
Deltoid tuberosity, 226, 229f
Denaturation, of protein, 66
Dendrites, 353, 354, 356, 357f
Dens (odontoid process), 221
Dense connective tissue, 155, 158, 159f, 162t
Dental caries, 651, 661
Dentate nucleus, 410
Dentin, 659
Deoxyhemoglobin, 526
Deoxyribonuclease (DNase), 744
Deoxyribonucleotide, 949f
Deoxyribose, 68f, 701
Department of Agriculture (USDA), 722, 724f
Depolarized membrane, 368
Depo-Provera (medroxyprogesterone
acetate), 865, 866t
Deposition, and bone remodeling, 200
Depression
of joint, 269f, 270
psychiatric disorder, 373t
Dermal papilla, 174f, 177
Dermatology, 24
Dermatome, 419–20
Dermis, 170, 172, 174f, 177, 186
Descending aorta,
36
37,
592, 595t
Descending colon,
34
36,
604f, 687
Descending tract, 393–96
Desmosome, 144, 146t
Detached retina, 473
Detrusor muscle, 774, 800
Development.
See also
Children; ±etus;
Growth; Infants
abnormalities of urinary system, 802t
adolescence, 906–907, 908t
adulthood, 907, 908t
brain, 398, 400t
childhood, 906, 908t
deF nition, 876
embryonic stage, 885–92
fetal stage, 892–94
infancy, 905–906, 908t
ossiF
cation timetable, 200t
postnatal period, 904–906, 908t
prenatal period, 879–903
senescence, 907, 908t
Deviated septum, 737
Diabetes
diabetes insipidus, 498, 814
diabetes mellitus, 512, 513, 642t, 792,
825, 911t
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