987
INDEX
Croatian Institute for Brain Research, 354
Crohn disease, 637t, 691
Cross bridge cycling, 287, 288f, 291–92
Crossed extensor refl
ex, 391
Crossed fused ectopia, 802t
Cross over, of chromosomes, 832
Cross section, 22, 23f
Crown, of tooth, 659
Cruciate ligaments, 276, 277f
Crura, 830, 843, 856
Crural region, 23, 25f
Crying, 755t
Cryo-electron tomography, 171
Cryptorchidism, 835
Cryptosporidiosis, 626
Cubital region, 23, 25f
Cubital vein, 602f, 603
median, 607f
Cuboidal epithelium, 145, 146, 148
Cuboid bone, 237f
Cuneiform cartilages, 741
Cupula, 460
Curare, 374t
Curvature, of vertebral column, 218–19
Cushing syndrome, 509
Cutaneous carcinoma, 175
Cutaneous membranes, 163
Cuts, in skin, 183
Cyanide, 119, 124
Cyanocobalamin, 715, 717t
Cyanosis, 176, 526
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP),
487–88, 490f
Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP),
474–75, 491
Cyclosporine, 904t
Cysteine, 66f, 135t, 705t, 719
Cystic duct,
35,
672f, 674f, 677
Cystic F
brosis, 66, 82, 744, 919, 920, 923
Cystitis, 774, 800
Cytochrome(s), 946
Cytochrome oxidase, 946
Cytokines, 630, 637
Cytokinesis, 101–103
Cytoplasm, 76, 81–89
Cytoplasmic division, 101–103
Cytosine, 128f, 948f, 949f
Cytoskeleton, 82, 90f
Cytosol, 75, 76
Cytotoxic T cell, 630
D
Dalton, John, 438
Dark adapted eye, 475
Dartos muscle, 842
Deafness, 455, 459.
See also
Hearing
Deamination, 114, 704
Death.
See also
Apoptosis
cigarette smoking and secondhand
smoke, 736
end of life and process of, 907–909
leading causes of in U.S., 911t
obesity as cause of, 710
Decellularization, and tissue
engineering, 166
Decibels (dB), 458
Cornea, 437, 465
Corniculate cartilages, 740–41
Coronal section, of skull, 215f
Coronal suture, 208, 209f, 210f, 215f, 218f,
245–46, 255
Corona radiata, 849, 851f, 853f, 880f
Coronary angioplasty, 561, 574, 609
Coronary arteries, 561, 562f, 592, 601f
Coronary artery disease (CAD), 609
Coronary bypass surgery, 574, 609
Coronary embolism, 588
Coronary heart disease, 725
Coronary ligament, 673, 674f
Coronary sinus, 557, 562f, 563
Coronary stent, 609
Coronary thrombosis, 588
Coronoid fossa, 226, 229f
Coronoid process, 210f, 214, 229, 230f,
252,
273
Corpora cavernosa, 856
Corpora quadrigemina, 407
Corpus albicans, 853f, 859
Corpus callosum,
39,
42,
398, 399f, 404
Corpus cavernosum, 834f, 843
Corpus luteum, 853f, 858
Corpus spongiosum, 834f, 843
Cortex, of ovary, 847
Cortical nephrons, 784, 785f
Cortical radiate arteries, 779, 780f, 783f, 786f
Cortical spreading depression, 356
Corticospinal tract, 393, 395, 396t, 402
Corticosteroids, 181t
Corticotropes, 494
Corticotropin(s), 489t
Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH),
487t, 496, 514–15
Cortisol, 486f, 487t, 507–508, 509t
Costal cartilage,
44
45,
224f, 227f, 598f
Costal region, 23, 25f
Costocervical arteries, 596
Coughing, 754, 755t
Countercurrent mechanism, 795–96, 797f
Covalent bond, 50, 56–57
Cow milk, 904
Coxal region, 23, 25f
Cox-2 inhibitors, 278, 691
Coyle, Ed, 699
Cramps, muscular, 296
Cranial branch, 417
Cranial cavity, 12, 14f, 213f,
257
Cranial nerves, 411, 412, 414–17
Cranial region, 1
Cranial sutures, 262f
Cranium, 206, 208, 209f, 210, 212
Creatine, 294, 538, 726
Creatinine, 788t, 798, 940, 943
Creatinine clearance test, 798, 943
Cremasteric refl
ex, 394
Crest, 208t
Cribiform plate, 192, 212, 213f, 215f,
253, 257
Cricoid cartilage, 735, 740, 741f
Crista ampullaris, 460, 462f
Cristae, 84
Crista galli, 192, 212, 213f, 215f,
253,
256–57
Critical period, in development, 892
Common F
bular nerves, 423
Common hepatic duct, 673
Common iliac artery,
35
36,
593, 594f, 898f
Common iliac vein, 607f
Communicating arteries
anterior, 596f
posterior, 596f, 597
Compact bone, 194, 195, 196f, 240
Compartments, 286, 811, 812–13
Compartment syndrome, 286
Compensated acidosis, 825
Complement, 627, 636t
Complementary base pairs, 127
Completely penetrant genotype, 924
Complete proteins, 705
Compliance, and lungs, 751
Composite cells, 76, 78f
Compound(s), 52, 55
Compound fracture, 202
Compound gland, 150, 152t
Computerized tomography (CT) scanning,
70–71
Concave surface, 471
Concentration(s), of acids and bases, 59–60
Concentration gradient, 92
Concentric muscle contraction, 298, 299f
Condom, 863, 866t
Conduction, 182
Conductive deafness, 459
Condylar canal, 211f
Condylar joint, 265–66, 267t
Condyle, 192, 208t, 226, 260.
See also
Lateral Condyle; Mandibular condyle;
Medial condyle; Occipital condyle
Cones, 473, 474f
Confocal microscope, 79
Conformation, of amino acid, 65, 66
Congenital erythropoietic porphyria, 138f
Conjoined twins, 900
Conjunctiva, 463
Conjunctivitis, 463
Connecticut Agricultural College, 925f
Connective tissues, 146t, 152–62, 285–87
Constrictor muscles, 663
Consumer fraud, and genetic testing, 917
Continuous ambulatory peritoneal
dialysis, 779
Continuous positive airway pressure, 757
Contraception, 830, 862–66
Contractility, and blood pressure, 586
Contraction, of muscles, 289–99, 300–301
Contralateral, as term of relative
position, 21
Control center, 9
Conus medullaris, 388f, 389
Convection, 182
Convergence, and neuronal pools, 375
Convex surface, 471
Convulsions, 372
Coordination, and organ systems, 16
Copper, 52t, 721–22, 723t
Coproporphyria, 138t
Coracobrachialis muscle,
32
34,
312,
314t, 315f
Coracohumeral ligament, 271, 272f
Coracoid process, 192, 226, 227f, 272f
Coriell Institute (New Jersey), 910
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