984
INDEX
Brachialis muscle, 305f, 306f, 315f, 316,
317f,
344,
350
Brachial plexus,
34,
420–21, 422f
Brachial region, 23, 25f
Brachial veins, 602, 603, 607f
Brachiocephalic artery,
35,
37,
46
47,
592,
593f, 595f, 596f, 601f
Brachiocephalic veins,
34,
36,
46,
593f,
602, 603, 607f, 619f
Brachioradialis muscle, 305f, 316, 317f,
318f,
342,
350
Bradycardia, 552, 572
Brain.
See also
Blast–related brain injury;
Cerebellum; Cerebrum; Traumatic
brain injury
arteries, 593, 596
development of, 398, 400t
major parts of, 412t
pain impulses, 443
PET scans, 70–71
veins, 602
Brain banks, 354
Brain death, 411
Brainstem,
39.
See also
Cerebellum;
Medulla oblongata; Pons
basal nuclei, 405f
communication between brain and
spinal cord, 384, 389f
sensory impulses, 395f, 401f
structure of brain and, 398, 399f,
407–409, 412t
Brain tumors, 363
Brain waves, 411
Branches, of bronchial tree, 743–44
Breast,
31,
862
Breast cancer, 637, 864–65
Breastfeeding, 904
Breath analysis, for alcohol, 762
Breathing.
See also
Respiration
control of, 755–59
mechanism, 747, 750–55
reasons for, 726–27
Brewer’s yeast, 725
“Brittle bone disease,” 924
Broad ligament, 847, 849f, 853f, 854
Broca’s area, 401f, 402
Bronchial arteries, 592
Bronchial asthma, 756
Bronchial tree, 743–46, 747t
Bronchioles, 430t, 745
Bronchitis, 739
Bronchomediastinal trunk, 617, 619f
Bronchopulmonary segment, 743
Bronchus,
36,
47,
735
Brown-Séquard syndrome, 395
Buccal region, 23, 25f
Buccinator muscle, 306, 307f,
346
Buffers, 60
Bulbospongiosus muscle, 320, 322, 323t
Bulbourethral gland, 801f, 834f, 841, 845t
Bulimia, 725, 728
Bulk elements, 52
Bundle branch block, 567
“Burning man syndrome,” 82
Burns, healing of, 184, 186, 187f
Bursa, 260, 265, 271–72, 276–77
Bursitis, 278
arterial, 580, 582–85
capillary blood fl
ow, 578–79
control of, 585–87, 588
diet, 725
heart action, 582–83
homeostatic mechanism, 10
kidney failure, 779, 789
venous blood fl ow, 587, 589
Blood reservoirs, 580
Blood-testis barrier, 836
Blood typing, 546
Blood urea nitrogen (BUN), 538, 704, 940
Blood vessel(s), 173, 430t, 573–80, 581,
779, 780f, 781f.
See also
Arteries;
Capillaries; Veins
Blood vessel spasm, 538
Blood volume, 523, 583
Bloom, David, 543
Blue diaper syndrome, 803
B lymphocytes, 628–29.
See also
B cells
Body, of uterus, 854
Body cavities, 12, 13f
Body covering, 14
Body fl
uids, 811–13
Body mass index (BMI), 708, 710
Body movement, and skeletal muscle
actions, 301–303
Body odor, of males, 483
Body regions, and terminology, 22–24
Body sections, and terminology, 22
Body temperature.
See also
Cold
environment; Heat
elevated, 184
energy expenditure from foods, 707
homeostasis, 9–10
life-span changes, 186
ovulation, 863
regulation of, 181–82, 183f
Body weight, and diet, 708–709.
See also
Obesity
Bolus, 664
Bombay phenotype, 547
Bomb calorimeter, 706–707
Bone.
See also
Skeletal system;
specif
c
bones
age-related changes, 238, 240
connective tissue, 160–62
development and growth, 197–201
function, 202–204
heart rate, 572
number, 205–206
structure of skeletal system, 193–95
Bone marrow
blood cell formation, 202–203
lymphocytes, 629f
stem cells, 526
sternal puncture, 225
transplants, 108
Bone mineral density, 204
Bone morphogenetic proteins, 201
Bone remodeling, 200
Bony processes, 194
Boron, 53t
“Botox,” 186
Botulinum toxin, 186, 291
Boyle’s law, 747
Brachial artery,
34,
597, 601f
Beta-hydroxybutyric acid, 825
Beta interferons, 360
Beta oxidation, 702
Beta radiation, 53, 56
Beta receptors, 430
Beta waves, 411
Bicarbonate buffer system, 821, 822t
Bicarbonate ions, 62t, 766, 788t
Biceps brachii muscle, 302–304, 305, 314f,
315f, 316, 317f,
342
44,
347,
350
Biceps femoris muscle, 306f, 325f, 326,
328t, 330f, 331f,
343–44,
351–52
Biceps-jerk refl
ex, 394
BiF dus factor, 904
Bilateral, as term of relative position, 21
Bile, 675–76, 943
Bile canaliculi, 673, 675f
Bile duct, 672f, 673, 674f, 675f, 677
Bile pigments, 675, 676
Bile salts, 675, 678
Bilirubin, 522, 530, 531f, 676, 940, 943
Biliverdin, 530, 531f, 676
Binding site, of hormone, 486
Biochemistry, 50, 51
Bioethics, and postmortem sperm
retrieval, 876
Biogenic amines, 373t
Biomarker, 51
Biomineralization, 204
Biotin, 716, 717t, 719f
Bipolar neurons, 353, 360, 362t, 469
Birds
basal nuclei, 404
muscle F
bers, 299
neural stem cells, 365
Birth control, 862–66
Birth defects, 896–97
Birth process, 899–902
1,3-Bisphoglyceric acid, 944, 945f
Bitter receptors, 450
Blastocyst, 862, 879–82, 886t
Blastomere, 879
Blast-related brain injury, 405
Blebs, 109
Blood.
See also
Blood pressure; Blood vessels
blood groups and transfusions, 544–48
cells, 202–203, 524–34, 535t
clotting, 183, 185f, 538–42, 543t, 712
connective tissues, 162
deF nition, 523
fetal circulation, 895, 897–98, 899f
hemostasis, 538–43
laboratory tests, 940–42
oxygen supply and cellular respiration,
294–95
path through heart, 560–61
plasma, 535–38
supply to heart, 561–63
Blood cells, 202–203, 524–34, 535t
Blood coagulation, 538–41
Blood clotting, 183, 185f, 538–42, 543t, 712
Blood doping, 489
Blood gases, 536, 537
Bloodgen, 546
Blood platelets, 534
Blood pressure
aging, 611
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