982
INDEX
Angioplasty, 574
Angiotensin(s), 506, 552, 587, 588, 790
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE)
inhibitors, 588t, 790
Angiotensinogen, 506
Anions, 55
Ankle, 270t
Ankle-jerk refl
ex, 394
Annulus f
brosus, 263
Anorexia nervosa, 725, 727
Anosmia, 450t
Antacids, 670
Antagonists, 304, 377
Antebrachial region, 23, 25F
Antecubital region, 23, 25F
Anterior, as term oF relative position, 21
Anterior canal, 460
Anterior cavity, 467
Anterior chamber, 467
Anterior crest, 235, 236F
Anterior Fontanel, 218F,
258
Anterior Funiculus, 390F
Anterior group, oF thigh muscles, 323
Anterior horns, 389, 390F
Anthropology, and human evolution, 84, 193
Antiangina drugs, 82t
Anti-angiogenesis drugs, 104
Antiarrhythmia drugs, 82t
Antibiotics, 181t, 793
Antibodies, 532, 544, 545F, 633, 634, 636t
Antibody-dependent cytotoxic reactions, 639
Anticodon, 131
Anticonvulsant drugs, 82t
Antidiabetic drugs, 82t
Antidiuretic hormone (ADH)
actions and control oF, 499t
aging and levels oF, 515
mechanisms oF nonsteroid hormones,
487t, 491
pituitary gland and secretion oF, 493, 498
stress response, 515
urine concentration and volume, 498,
794–95, 796t, 815
Antigen(s), 544, 545F, 628, 635
Antigen-binding sites, 634
Antigen-presenting cell, 630
Antihemophilic Factor, 541t
Antihistamines, 145, 155
Anti-HIV drugs, 76
Antihypertensive drugs, 82t
Antioxidants, 710
Antiparallel strands, oF DNA, 125
Anti-Rh antibodies, 547
Antithrombin, 539, 542, 543t
Anular ligament, 260, 272,
273
Anus, 653F, 688, 834F, 848F
Aorta,
38,
40,
43
46,
558F, 560F, 561F, 562F,
567, 592–93, 595t, 599F, 601F.
See
also
Abdominal aorta; Arch oF aorta;
Descending aorta; Thoracic aorta
Aortic bodies, 592, 758
Aortic sinus, 592
Aortic sound, 565
Aortic valve, 557, 558F, 559F, 560t, 567
Aortic valvulitis, 567
Apex, oF heart, 562F
Apical surFace, 144
American Heart Association, 590, 703
Amines, 485, 487t
Amino acids.
See also
Proteins
digestion, 684F, 686t
glomerular f
ltration, 792
neurotransmitters, 373
nutrition, 704, 705
oxidation, 819
peptide bonds, 117F
structure, 65
Ammonia, 940, 943
Ammonium, 823
Amniocentesis, 931–32, 933t
Amniochorionic membrane, 891
Amnion, 888, 891
Amniotic cavity, 885, 891
Amniotic fl
uid, 888, 891
Amoeba, 9
Amphetamines, 377, 489, 711
Amphiarthrotic joints, 261, 267t
Amplif cation, oF nucleic acids, 132
Ampulla, 460, 834F, 840
Amygdala, 404
Amylase, 118
Amyloid, 567
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), 363, 396
Anabolic steroids, 489t
Anabolism, 114, 115–16
Anaerobic reactions, 120, 121–22
Anaerobic respiration, 114, 294, 819
Anal canal, 688
Anal columns, 688
Anal sphincter, 320, 322F, 688
Anaphase, 101, 102F, 103F, 833
Anaphylactic shock, 639
Anatomical neck, 226, 229F
Anatomical position, 20
Anatomic dead space, 753
Anatomy.
See also
Cardiovascular system;
Digestive system; Endocrine system;
Integumentary system; Lymphatic
system; Muscular system; Nervous
system; Reproductive system;
Respiratory system; Skeletal system;
Urinary system
characteristics oF liFe, 6, 8t
def nition, 1, 4
gene expression, 933–34
history, 3
levels oF organization, 4–5
liFe-span changes, 20
maintenance oF liFe, 7–12
organization oF human body, 12–19
terminology, 20–25
Andreas Vesalius, 3F
Androgen(s), 508, 830, 845–46, 857
Androgenic alopecia, 179
Anemia, 529.
See also
Megaloblastic
anemia; Pernicious anemia; Sickle
cell disease
Anencephaly, 398, 409
Anesthetics and anesthesia, 82t, 394
Aneuploidy, 929–30
Aneurysm, 581, 608F
Angina pectoris, 563, 609
Angiogenesis, 574
Angiogram, 563F
Ageusia, 450t
Agglutination, 522, 544, 545F, 635, 636t
Aging, process oF, 909–11.
See also
Age;
LiFe-span changes
Agonists, 304, 377
Agranulocytes, 530, 535t
Agriculture, and human health, 3
AIDS.
See
Acquired immune def
ciency
syndrome
Air pollution, 749
ALA dehydratase def
ciency, 138F
Alanine, 135t, 705t
Albinism, 170, 174, 176, 178, 473
Albumin(s), 535, 536t, 714, 792, 940
Albumin-globulin ratio, 940
Alcohol
ADH secretion and dehydration, 498
breath tests, 762
gastric absorption, 669
pregnancy and Fetal alcohol syndrome,
896, 897
urinary system, 796
Alcoholism, 714
Aldosterone, 486, 487t, 506–507, 509t, 719,
818, 885t
Ali, Muhammed, 406F
Alimentary canal, 651, 652–56
Alkaline tide, 669
Alkaloids, 450
Alkalosis, 60, 822, 824, 825–26
Alkaptonuria, 803
Allantois, 875, 891
Alleles, 919
Allergen, 616
Allergies, 534t, 617, 639–41
AllograFt, 186, 641
All-or-none response, and nerve impulse
conduction, 370
Alopecia areata, 179
Alpha Fetoprotein (A±P), 884
Alpha globulin, 535
Alpha radiation, 53, 56
Alpha receptors, 430
Alpha-tocopherol, 712
Alpha waves, 411
Alternative pathway, oF complement, 627
Altitude sickness, 763
Alveolar arch, 213,
252
Alveolar border, 214
Alveolar capillaries, 560F, 590–91
Alveolar dead space, 753
Alveolar ducts, 743, 744F, 745F, 862
Alveolar gas exchanges, 759–62
Alveolar macrophages, 759–60
Alveolar pores, 759
Alveolar process, 213, 215F
Alveolar sacs, 743, 745F
Alveolar ventilation, 754–55
Alveolar ventilation rate, 754
Alveolar wall, 591F
Alveolus (alveoli), 560F, 735, 743, 744F,
745–46, 759–60
Alzheimer disease, 20, 373t, 409, 911t
Amacrine cells, 469
Ameboid motion, 533
Amenorrhea, 859
American Dietetic Association, 726
previous page 1012 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online next page 1014 David Shier Hole's Human Anatomy and Physiology 2010 read online Home Toggle text on/off