981
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
cellular metabolism, 119, 120f
cellular respiration, 944–47
deamination of amino acids, 704
magnesium, 720
mitochondrion, 84, 720
muscle contraction, 291–92, 293, 294
phosphorus, 718
protein synthesis, 132
Adenylate cyclase, 488, 490f
ADH.
See
Antidiuretic hormone
Adipocytes, 156
Adiponectin, 700
Adipose tissue, 143, 156, 158, 162t
Adolescence.
See also
Children
development, 906–907, 908t
skeleton, 236
ADP.
See
Adenosine diphosphate
Adrenal androgens, 508, 509t
Adrenal cortex, 430t, 487t, 504, 505f,
506–508, 509
Adrenal gland,
36,
482, 504–509, 515,
777f, 778f
Adrenal medulla, 430t, 482, 487t, 492,
504–506
Adrenergic receptors, 429, 430
Adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH), 482,
487t, 490, 492, 496, 499t
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD), 87
Adulthood, and development, 907, 908t
Aerobic exercise, 334
Aerobic reactions, 120, 122
Aerobic respiration, 114, 125f, 294, 819
Aerobic training, 296
Afferent arteriole, 774, 779, 780f, 783f, 786f
Afferent lymphatic vessels, 622
Afferent neurons, 389, 391f
Afterbirth, 900–901
Afterload, and blood pressure, 586
Age.
See also
Adolescence; Adulthood;
Aging; Children; Infants; Life-span
changes
aging-related changes in
development, 908t
breast cancer risk, 864t
chromosome defects in children and
maternal, 849, 931t
falls by elderly, 240, 280
incontinence in elderly, 805
nutritional requirements, 712t, 728t
“Age spots,” 186
Achilles tendon, 330
Acid(s), 59–60
Acid–base balance, 819–26
Acid–base buffer systems, 820–22
Acidic ketone bodies, 819
Acid indigestion, 670
Acidosis, 60, 810, 822, 824–25
Acini, 671
Acne, 180, 181
Acoustic meatus, 210, 211f,
253,
450
Acquired immune deF
ciency syndrome
(AIDS), 76, 278, 534t, 630, 637,
642, 644, 862t, 869.
See also
Human
immunodeF
ciency virus
Acromegaly, 201, 497
Acromial region, 23, 25f
Acromioclavicular joint, 270t
Acromion process, 226, 227f, 272f,
342
43
Acrosome, 837
Actin, 287, 288f, 289
Action potential, 368–70
Activation energy, 117
Active aging, 909–10
Active dying, 909
Active sites, 117
Active transport, 95–96, 100t, 291
Activity site, of hormone, 486
Acute cardiac tamponade, 589
Acute cholecystitis, 679
Acute glomerulonephritis (AGN), 782
Acute intermittent porphyria, 138f
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), 537
Acute pain F
bers, 442
Acute pancreatitis, 672
Acute respiratory distress syndrome
(ARDS), 765.
See also
Respiratory
distress syndrome
Adaptive defense, 626
Addison disease, 509, 820
Adduction, 269
Adductor brevis muscle,
36,
323,
324f, 327t
Adductor longus muscle,
34
37,
305f, 323,
324f, 327t,
350
Adductor magnus muscle,
37,
306f, 323,
324f, 325, 326f, 327t
Adductor muscles, of thigh, 323, 325
Adenine, 128f, 948f, 949f
Adenoids, 657
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), 119, 294
Note: Page numbers followed by f refer to
F gures and by t to tables; page numbers in
boldface
refer to plates.
A
A bands, 287, 288f
Abdominal aorta,
37,
40,
592, 594f, 600f,
778f, 898f
Abdominal cavity, 12,
37,
623, 777f
Abdominal refl exes, 394
Abdominal region, 23, 24f, 25f
Abdominal viscera,
48
49,
587, 603–604
Abdominal wall, 320, 321f, 322t, 597–98,
603, 752, 799f
Abdominopelvic cavity, 12, 13f, 15f
Abdominopelvic membranes, 12–14
Abducens nerves, 415, 417t
Abduction, 269
Abductor muscles, 315
ABO blood groups, 544, 546–47
Absolute refractory period, 370
Absorption
characteristics of life, 8t
deF
nition, 651
gastric, 669
nutrients, 686t
organ systems, 17–18
small intestine, 684–85
Accelerator nerves, 569
Accessory nerves, 417
Accessory organs
of digestive system, 653f
of reproductive system, 833, 837–42,
846, 852–56
Accessory structures
of joints, 264
of skin, 177–81
Accommodation, of eye, 467, 468f
ACE inhibitors, 293, 507
Acetabulum, 192, 231, 232f, 234t
Acetaminophen, 445
Acetazolamide, 451
Acetoacetic acid, 825, 943
Acetone, 825, 943
Acetylcholine (Ach), 290, 301, 372, 373t, 429
Acetylcholinesterase, 293, 374, 430
Acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, 293, 507
Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA), 121f, 122,
714, 944, 946f
INDEX
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