Tools to help students make the connection
and master anatomy & physiology!
Integrative Assessments/
Critical Thinking questions
information from various Learning
Outcomes within a chapter (and
frequently from previous chapters)
and apply that information.
conceptually link the
highlighted body system to every other
system. These graphic representations
review chapter concepts, make connections,
and stress the “big picture” in learning and
applying the concepts and facts of anatomy
and physiology.
Chapter Assessments
found at the end of each
chapter check student’s understanding of the
chapter’s Learning Outcomes. The Chapter
Assessment numbers correspond directly to the
Learning Outcomes.
Skeletal System
Bones provide support, protection, and
movement and also play a role in calcium
Skeletal System
Integumentary System
Vitamin D, activated
in the skin, plays a
role in calcium
absorption and
availability for
bone matrix.
Muscular System
Muscles pul on
bones to cause
Nervous System
sense the position of
body parts. Pain
receptors warn of
trauma to bone.
Bones protect the
brain and spinal cord.
Endocrine System
Some hormones
act on bone to help
regulate blood
calcium levels.
Cardiovascular System
Blood transports
nutrients to bone
cel s. Bone helps
regulate plasma
calcium levels,
important to heart
Lymphatic System
Cel s of the immune
system originate in
the bone mar ow.
Digestive System
Absorption of
dietary calcium
provides material
for bone matrix.
Respiratory System
Ribs and muscles
work together in
Urinary System
The kidneys and
bones work together
to help regulate blood
calcium levels.
Reproductive System
The pelvis helps
support the uterus
during pregnancy.
Bones provide a
source of calcium
during lactation.
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